As per research and scientific records, 60 different genes can cause different types of retinitis pigmentosa. Therefore, parents can end up passing the problem genes to their children in three different ways.
Autosomal recessive Retinitis Pigmentosa
It’s possible that each parent of a kid might have one problem copy and one normal copy of the gene responsible, but they do not have any symptoms. A child who inherits two copies of the gene would develop this type of retinitis pigmentosa. Since only two copies of the gene are needed, each child in the family has about 25% chance of being affected.
Autosomal dominant RP
This type of retinitis pigmentosa requires only a single copy of the problem gene to develop. Therefore, a parent with that gene has about a 50% chance of passing it on to each child.
X linked RP
Mothers who carry the problem gene can pass it down to their children. Each kid in the family has about a 50% chance of getting it. Most women carrying the gene might not have any symptoms but may end up giving it to their kids.
Visual Field Test
In the test, you would have to look through a tabletop machine at a point in the center of your vision. While staring at the point, objects would appear on the side of the vision; on seeing the light, the patient would have to register by pressing a button which would further map how far along the sides you can see.
In this test, the eye doctor would put a gold film or a unique contact lens on your eyes and measure how your retina responds to the flashing lights.
Testing is done based on a DNA sample to determine which form of Retinitis Pigmentosa if the patient is suffering from and then to advise a medical treatment based on the findings.
While no treatment can completely cure Retinitis Pigmentosa, following medications can somewhat help reduce the progress of your vision loss and may even restore sight to a certain extent.
In the later stages of retinitis pigmentosa, the center of your retina can swell; this condition is known as macular edema. It can further lead to a reduction in vision as well. This medication can ease the swelling and improve your vision.
Vitamin A palmitate supplements
High doses of this compound can slow down Retinitis Pigementosa a little early. But it’s essential that the supplement is taken only in recommended doses as supervised by an ophthalmologist. Too much of this supplement can be toxic.
A retinal implant can provide partial sight. Argus 2 is the implant readily available in the US. It’s surgically implanted into a single eye and paired with glasses equipped with a camera. The images seen and recorded by the camera are converted into electrical pulses that the brain can perceive. Many patients who undertook this therapy could locate light sources and determine where people were in a room, while some could read letters about 9 inches high. For Stem Cell therapy in India, Stem Cell Care India could be one of the best and safest options; with some of the best in class doctors on role Stem Cell Care, India could provide some of the best possible treatments for diseases like retinitis pigmentosa and other eye injuries. With some of the most advanced medical technology, Stem Cell Care India can ensure that your treatments go as smoothly as possible. In the case of lifestyle diseases, Stem Cell Care India can provide a class-leading holistic approach to bring betterment in cases of chronic diabetes as well as high blood pressure or alcoholism, etc. Some of the best medical services are just a correspondence away. Contact them today to schedule your therapy from India or from abroad.