Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) is a cluster of genetic sicknesses that affect the retina’s aptitude to respond to light. This congenital degenerative disease causes a slow loss of vision, commencement with reduced night vision and loss of peripheral (side) vision. If untreated, ultimately blindness results. The retina is the layer of light-sensing cells lining the back of your eye that translates light rays into nerve impulses. The impulses are sent via the optic nerve to your brain, where they are recognized as images. With RP, cells in the retina called rods and cones die. With maximum types of RP, rods- which are chiefly in the outer regions of the retina and are accountable for our outlying and night vision, degenerate first. When the retina’s more centrally-located conduits are affected, the outcome is loss of color perception and central (reading) vision.
Stem cell treatment
The symptoms can be relieved with the use of stem cells and giving new optimism to the individuals suffering from this ailment by improving their efficacy. Patients suffering from diverse eye related disorders are treated by implanting stem cells via retrobulbar or other effective mode to obtain maximum retrieval. We are enthusiastic by the impressive prospects of stem cells in treating several diseases; hence we are continually updating our knowledge and technology to suit unique stipulations of every patient. Our chief objective has always been stoppage of disease advancement and easing the quality of life to a substantial extent in a non-surgical way. We always promise to deliver safe treatment pattern, by offering Autologous stem cells from your own Bone Marrow/Adipose Tissue. Our top priority is to offer very comprehensive, spot-on treatment pattern with the maximum retrieval. As a part of our treatment, patient’s stem cell are gotten from two sources, Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) and Bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMSCs). At times we might use a combination of both, contingent upon the assessment.
RP is an acquired issue due transformations in any of in excess of 50 qualities. These qualities convey the Guidelines for making proteins that are required inside photoreceptor cells of the retina. A portion of the changes, or transformations, inside qualities are extreme to such an extent that the quality can’t make the necessary protein, influencing the cell’s capacity. Different changes produce a protein that is poisonous to the cell. Still other changes lead to an unusual protein that doesn’t work appropriately. In every one of the three cases, the outcome is harm to the photoreceptors.
- Loss of night vision. Night blindness is when you cannot see anything in the dark.
- Gradual loss of peripheral (side) vision. This is known as “tunnel vision.”
- Loss of central vision. Some people also have problems with central vision.
- Problems with color vision.
Retinitis Pigmentosa causes sluggish loss of vision. Symptoms start with diminished night vision and later progress to loss of peripheral (side) vision — generating a “tunnel vision” effect. Some individuals might also have trouble identifying colors. The rate of vision change differs in diverse individuals contingent on the hereditary makeup of their disorder. As night vision drops, the aptitude to fine-tune to darkness becomes more challenging. You might stumble over things in the dark, find driving at dusk and night problematic and see poorly in faintly lit rooms, such as a movie theater. While your vision during the day might be totally normal, your incapability to see in dark conditions is considered “night blindness.” In some circumstances, central vision might be affected first, making detail work problematic, such as reading or threading a needle. This might be referred to as macular dystrophy, since the central area of the retina, called the macula, is affected.
Implantation Of Stem Cells: The stem cell implantation can be done in the following ways.
- Intravenous administration
- Intrathecal (lumber puncture)
- Liberation angioplasty
- Surgical administration for stroke
1. Do I need to habitually examine my eyes?
Yes, it is always sensible to check your eyes frequently. Young adults between the age group 20-39 should have their eye checkups after every 3-5 years. Whereas grown-ups between the age group 40-64 should have their eye checkups after every 2-4 years. In case of senior citizens above 65 years of age, ophthalmic visit has to be once a year. Regardless of age groups, some individuals congregated under the category of high risk adults should also visit ophthalmologist once a year such as folks with diabetes, strong family history of glaucoma, persons with AIDS, etc.
2. Will working at a computer screen or sitting close to TV screen harm my eyes?
No, there is not yet any scientific indication that these instruments release rays that can be dangerous to the eyes, however long working hours can be wearisome and hence it is often useful to take episodic breaks, looking off in the distance etc.
3. Sometimes I notice dark patchy spots or floaters particularly on the white surface. Can this be the reason for me to worry?
These are the common eye complications which are signs of retinal or corneal malfunctioning. It is always desirable to visit the doctors as timely as possible.
4. I have slowly found it harder to read without glasses. Why?
The capability to focus the near objects declines with age and is referred to as presbyopia. The condition is recognized as the natural aging of the optic lens. The condition is often unalterable with conventional treatments; however, stem cell treatment for eyes can to some degree reverse the impairment naturally with complete stoppage of more progression.
5. Is my kid likely to inherit some eye problems?
Yes, some of the eye sicknesses such as glaucoma, photophobia etc. are witnessed to be directly connected up with a hereditary abnormality which can either be genetic or mutational. However, some of the common eye issues such as burns, corneal damage, etc. are associated with environmental impairment.
6.Can eyes be transplanted?
No, there are no confirmations presently to transplant the whole eyes, however portion of the eye can be replaced if an apt donor is found via eye stem cell transplant.
7. Can stem cell treatment treat my damage?
Yes, stem cells are the unspoiled cells of the body, which can give rise to several diverse kinds of cells once they get appropriate signaling. In case of eye disorders, these cells have shown amazing improvements by segregating into photoreceptor cells, rods and cones cells of the inner eyes, optic nerve cells, etc.
Every patient gets an outsider authentication (broadly certify lab), for quality, amount of feasibility of cells.
The Staff at Stem Cell Care, India will call you following one month, two months and a half year to see the improvement of the treatment. This encourages us refine our conventions to improve further. You can likewise require some other assistance on the off chance that required.