How Can Cerebral Palsy Patients Benefit From Stem Cell Therapy?
Cerebral palsy is a non-progressive neurological ailment instigated by a non-progressive brain injury or malformation that befalls while the kid’s brain is underdevelopment. It principally affects body movement and muscle coordination. It is a comprehensive term used to refer to a group of perpetual disorders that are categorized by loss or damage of motor function. Cerebral palsy is essentially instigated by impairment to the brain. The impairment is commonly triggered by brain injury or because of some uncharacteristic development that befalls while the brain is still developing, i.e. before birth, during childbirth or instantly following birth. This syndrome damages movement of the body, muscle control, harmonization of the muscles, reflex, balance and posture. Often it also affects gross motor abilities, fine motor skills, and also oral functioning. Cerebral palsy is an incorrigible disorder presently. Treatment and therapy can aid to manage the effects on the body. The brain impairment that causes cerebral palsy is perpetual. The brain does not heal as the other portions of the body do. This means that the condition itself will not naturally change for the better or worse during the person’s lifespan.
Cerebral palsy (CP) is the term for a series of neurological ailments triggered by aberrations in portions of the brain that control muscle movement. Cerebral palsy symptoms can be unnerving and cerebral palsy treatment can be overwhelming. However, what is the possible treatment for cerebral palsy? The occurrence of CP is around 1.2-2.5%, clinical features are uncharacteristic in posture and muscular tension, involuntary movement and ataxia, which are generally related with sensory disturbance, cognitive dysfunction, behavioral disorder, secondary skeletal muscle abnormalities and epileptic seizures. Traditional medical methods (physiotherapy, bracing, and orthopedic musculoskeletal surgery) remain the backbone of treatment approaches at this time. The adding of an exercise training program to the standard care of kids and teenagers with cerebral palsy improves their physical health and quality of life. Preventive measures for cerebral palsy consist of but are not restricted to:
- rising exposure of pregnant females to infectious diseases
- prevention of prematurity
- recognition and treatment of bacterial infection during pregnancy
- control of diabetes, anemia and other nutritive shortages
- avoiding unnecessary drugs and medicine
- light therapy for babies with jaundice
Cerebral palsy treatment
Cerebral palsy is a complex condition and handling it is virtually as intricate. There is no cookie-cutter methodology for treatment as every individual experiences it in a different way. Each individual is affected by a unique blend of symptoms that manifest at variable severities. The underlying brain injury cannot be cured, but the physical damages it causes can be coped with an array of treatments and therapies. There is no prevailing universal decorum for all cases of cerebral palsy. However, the severity level of an individual’s symptoms, degree of impairment and their particular form of cerebral palsy all aid in determining the care they require.
Stem cell therapy for cerebral palsy treatment
There are numerous diverse methodologies towards cerebral palsy treatment in India at present. Lately, stem cell treatment for cerebral palsy in India has materialized as a glimmer of hope for those living with the condition. Researchers universally have found that stem cells might essentially be able support to overhaul the brain impairment that is the underlying reason of cerebral palsy. It has shown positive outcomes and improvements in the symptoms in several studies conducted by researchers. 91 percent of the patients showed minor to significant improvement in the common signs of cerebral palsy. These consist of speech, balance, chest activity, upper limb activity, lower limb activity and muscle tone. Furthermore, those who continued to exercise frequently under the assistance of a physical therapist at home showed momentous improvements. It can be concluded that stem cell therapy for cerebral palsy treatment should be accompanied by physiotherapy and rehabilitation guided by a therapist. Stem cells are gathered from diverse sources. Medical institutions use autologous mononuclear cells obtained from the bone marrow of the patient for curing cerebral palsy. These cells are uprooted into the suitable region of the body and they travel to the incapacitated or impaired tissue, assisting to repair the impaired cells. They also refill the cell pool in the region. The key mechanisms of stem cell therapy that lead to amended symptoms are:
- Deterrence of death of cells in the neural population
- Formation of new blood vessels
- Improving cell multiplication
- Establishment of neural maps in the brain to learn new functions
Stem cells are cells with self-renewing and multiple-differentiation potentials. Consequently, they have the potential of segregating new nerve cells that substitute impaired nerve cells and overhaul brain injury. Also, stem cell treatment shows certain effect on intelligence damage. Consequently, stem cell treatment is a revolution for cerebral palsy treatment.