when the skin is broken or damaged because of injury wounds occur. The causes of injury may be the result of mechanical, chemical, electrical, thermal, or nuclear sources. Depending upon the mechanism of injury, the skin can be damaged in a variety of ways.
Inflammation is the skin’s initial response to injury.
Superficial (on the surface) wounds and abrasions leave the deeper skin layers intact. These types of wounds are usually caused by friction rubbing against an abrasive surface.
Deep abrasions (cuts or lacerations) go through all the layers of the skin and into underlying tissue like muscle or bone.
Puncture wounds are usually caused by a sharp pointed object entering the skin. Examples of puncture wounds include a needle stick, stepping on a nail, or a stab wound with a knife.
Human and animal bites can be classified as puncture wounds, abrasions, or a combination of both.
Pressure sores (bed sores) can develop due to lack of blood supply to the skin caused by chronic pressure on an area of the skin (for example, a person who is bedridden, sits for long hours in a wheelchair, or a cast pressing on the skin). Individuals with diabetes, circulation problems (peripheral vascular disease), or malnutrition are at an increased risk of pressure sores
The most common symptoms of a wound are pain, swelling, and bleeding. The extent depends upon the area of the injury and the mechanism of injury.
Some large cuts may not hurt very much if they are located in an area that has few nerve endings, while abrasions of fingertips (which have a greater number of nerves) can be very painful. Some cuts may bleed more if the area involved has a greater number of blood vessels, for example, the scalp and face.
Medical care should be obtained for a wound in the following cases:
If the wound is due to significant force or trauma and other injures are be present.
If bleeding cannot be stopped even with persistent pressure and elevation.
If there is concern that wound requires repair with sutures (stitches). The size and location of the wound are important considerations. Most facial wounds may need to be repaired for cosmetic reasons, especially if they involve the lip or eye.
If the wound is caused by an animal bite. There is also a need to consider rabies immunizations, if appropriate.
If the wound is very dirty and cannot be easily cleaned.
If there is evidence of infection including redness, swelling, increased pain, and pus at the wound.
If tetanus immunizations are not up to date, then a booster is needed within 48 hours. If the patient has never been immunized, the initial tetanus prevention with immunoglobulin should be given immediately.
X-rays may be taken to look for broken bones (fractures). It may also be helpful in detecting foreign objects that may have been embedded in the laceration.
- Fluoroscopy done at the bedside may help find foreign bodies that are deeply buried.
- Ultrasound may also be used to assist in diagnosis of foreign bodies in the wound. Fluoroscopy and ultrasound are only available in the emergency department and hospitals.
Latest researches have revealed that MSCs can help repair and renew nerve cells, improving symptoms and prolonging lives. Steroids and other disease modifying drugs cannot cover all the symptoms and are aimed to manage only specific symptoms. Again, the concern of critical side effects of drugs is also there. With MSC treatment, there is no such concern.
In StemCellCareIndia, we use the unique technology of Mesenchymal stem cells extracted from Wharton’s jelly (WJ) for treating MS. WJ-MSCs offer cost-effective and pain-free collection method that may be cryogenically stored, and are extremely favourable for tissue engineering purpose. They might help in the three prominent ways – prevent damage, repair damage and develop new medicines. The treatment will take place in multiple steps comprising of
- Qualification for the treatment: Our experts will investigate your past medical history and symptoms to assess the severity of your condition. A series of tests will be performed to understand the stage of disease. As per the test results, our experts will counsel the patient for further process of the procedure.
- Source Extraction: With guidance and approval from the physician, the source of extraction will be decided. In general, WJ-MSCs are the most potent allogenic sources available. Stem cells from a healthy person (the donor) are transferred to the patient’s body. A bone marrow donor is considered for allogenic stem cell transplantation. A scraping from the inside of the patient and his or her sibling’s cheek is tested to determine tissue type. An expert will examine to identity Human Leukocyte Antigens (HLAs). If the HLA on the donor cells are identical or similar, the transplant is more likely to be successful.
- Laboratory Processing: The extracted samples will be sent to government approved cGMP laboratory for processing. The sample manipulation will take place in a state-of- art facility in compliance with the ISO and GMP standards and using the latest technologies. The client will receive a third party certificate from internationally accredited lab for quality purpose.
- Stem Cell Implantation: Once the stem cells are ready to be implanted, the doctor will identify the most potent method of infusion based on the patient’s physical and mental well being.
Treatment Aftercare: The patients will be asked to visit the doctors for reclamation therapies such as physiotherapy, counselling, etc for speedy recovery.
1. How does wound occur?
When the skin is broken or injured owing to injury, wounds befall. The causes of injury may be the outcome of mechanical, chemical, electrical, thermal, or nuclear sources. Contingent upon the mechanism of injury, the skin can be impaired in a variety of ways. Swelling is the skin’s initial response to injury.
2. What are the types of wounds?
The numerous types of wounds are:
- Superficial (on the surface) wounds and abrasions leave the profounder skin layers undamaged. These kinds of wounds are generally triggered by friction rubbing against an abrasive surface.
- Deep abrasions (cuts or lacerations) go through all the sheets of the skin and into underlying tissue like muscle or bone.
- Puncture wounds are generally instigated by a sharp pointed object ingoing the skin. Instances of puncture wounds consist of a needle stick, stepping on a nail, or a stab wound with a knife.
- Human and animal bites can be categorized as puncture wounds, abrasions or a blend of both.
- Pressure sores (bed sores) can develop because of lack of blood supply to the skin initiated by chronic pressure on a region of the skin (for instance, an individual who is bedridden, sits for long hours in a wheelchair, or a cast pressing on the skin). Folks with diabetes, circulation complications (peripheral vascular disease), or undernourishment are at an amplified risk of pressure sores.
3. What are the primary symptoms?
The most common symptoms of a wound are ache, swelling and bleeding. The degree depends upon the region of the injury and the mechanism of injury. Some big cuts may not hurt very much if they are sited in a region that has few nerve endings, while abrasions of fingertips (which have a bigger number of nerves) can be very excruciating. Some cuts may bleed more if the region involved has a grander number of blood vessels, for instance, the scalp and face.
4. How can wounds be healed quickly?
Wound healing is a multifaceted and dynamic procedure of reinstating cellular structures and tissue layers after an injury or operation. The natural procedure of healing is always time-taking and the care accompanying it is also quite tough. There is a new methodology towards the minimization of the time duration and the pain related to healing of wounds which is known as stem cell therapy.
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