A multiple myeloma is a rare form of blood cancer that affects the plasma cells of the immune system. These plasma cells, also known as B-cells, produce immunoglobulins, or antibodies, that help the body defend against infection.
Abnormal cells in the plasma become multiplied and mutated, creating a range of medical issues. Multiple myeloma can have serious effects on your bones, kidneys, and red and white blood cells, as well as your platelet count. Unfortunately, there is no cure, but treatment options can be used to slow the progression and manage symptoms.
Plasma cells in people with multiple myeloma crowd out the normal blood cells in their bones, which leads to lytic lesions. Furthermore, these cells release chemicals that cause other cells to eat away at the bones, resulting in further damage.
As the condition progresses, the plasma cells spread beyond the bone marrow, causing organ damage.
Multiple myeloma is more prevalent in men than in women, with twice as many Black individuals affected compared to those of other races. In addition, individuals aged between 40 and 70 are most likely to be diagnosed with the condition, with the median age of diagnosis ranging from 65 to 74.
The treatment options for multiple myeloma vary depending on the severity of the condition. In cases like when the disease is slow-growing, some close monitoring can help you as an immediate treatment.
However, if the treatment becomes very necessary, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and treatment like bone marrow transplant for multiple myeloma in India may be used to help control the disease.
Stem Cell Care India aims to help you attain the best results for multiple myeloma bone marrow transplants in Delhi. We are dedicated to providing exceptional care and support to our patients as they strive to achieve their goals of improved health and well-being.
Pain in the bones is often the initial symptom that individuals experience with multiple myeloma. Other symptoms can manifest as well and which might include the following:
- You may experience a lack of strength and/or tingling sensations in your limbs.
- The bones in your spine may be affected by multiple myeloma, leading to their collapse and the compression of your spinal cord.
- You might experience fatigue and feel weak, which may indicate that you are suffering from anemia.
- Feeling nauseous and vomiting, which might be indicative of hypercalcemia.
- Lack of appetite and increased thirst.
- Unwanted weight loss.
- Unpredictable fever, which may be a symptom of some bacterial infection.
- You start bleeding more easily. This might be a sign of abnormal plasma
- You will find that you are bruising or bleeding more easily than usual. It may be a sign that abnormal plasma cells are preventing your body from producing enough platelets.
- Having difficulty concentrating or making decisions.
In people with multiple myeloma, the cancerous plasma cells produce abnormal proteins. These proteins can damage your bones, organs, and tissues. The disease can spread to other parts of the body.
With multiple myeloma, the cancerous plasma cells divide and grow uncontrollably within the bone marrow. This causes the production of abnormal proteins, which can lead to damage to bones, organs, and tissues.
Listed are some main subtypes of multiple myeloma.
- Hyperdiploid: Approximately 45% of multiple myeloma cases are caused by an abnormal type of myeloma cell that has an increased number of chromosomes compared to normal cells. And this type of myeloma tends to be less aggressive.
- Hypodiploid or non-hyperdiploid: Approximately 40% of individuals with myeloma have a more aggressive form of the disease, which is characterized by fewer chromosomes than normal myeloma cells.
Different types of multiple myeloma exist, and certain precancerous conditions may cause the development of this condition. Those might include the following:
- Light chain myeloma: Myeloma usually involves the production of immunoglobulins, but in some cases, only an incomplete form of these antibodies, known as light chain myeloma, is present. This occurs in 20% of myeloma patients and can lead to kidney damage.
- Solitary plasmacytoma: Plasmacytoma is a tumor caused by cancerous plasma cells growing out of control; solitary plasmacytoma is when there is one tumor, while multiple myeloma is when there are multiple tumors.
- Non-secretory Myeloma: People with non-secretory myeloma may not produce enough M proteins or light chains for tests to detect. A bone marrow biopsy is often used to diagnose this type of myeloma.
- Extramedullary plasmacytoma: Extramedullary plasmacytomas are tumors in the body’s soft tissues, often occurring in the throat, sinuses, nose, and larynx. Treatment options include radiation therapy, surgery, or both, and may lead to multiple myeloma in up to 30% of cases.
- IgD Myeloma: 1% to 2% of people with myeloma have this rare type, primarily affecting men under 60; signs and symptoms are similar to other types.
- IgE Myeloma: IgE is a rare form of multiple myeloma, exhibiting similar symptoms to other types yet being more aggressive and rapidly leading to plasma cell leukemia or other extramedullary spread.
Scientists have yet to determine the precise cause of most cases of multiple myeloma. Nevertheless, they have made strides in understanding how alterations in DNA can lead to the transformation of plasma cells into cancerous cells. DNA is the molecule that holds the instructions for the majority of our cells’ activities.
- Some DNA contains certain genes that control when our cells grow and divide. These genes that promote cell growth are referred to as oncogenes.
- Genes that control the rate of cell growth and cause cells to die at the appropriate time are referred to as tumor suppressor genes.
Mutations in the DNA that activate oncogenes or deactivate tumor suppressor genes can lead to the development of cancer.
Research has revealed that certain oncogenes, such as MYC, present abnormalities in the initial stages of plasma cell tumors. In contrast, alterations of other oncogenes, such as RAS, are commonly seen in myeloma cells in the bone marrow transplant for multiple myeloma. Moreover, mutations in tumor suppressor genes, for instance, p53, are associated with the metastasis of cancer to other parts of the body.
Studies also stated that patients with plasma cell tumors have abnormalities in bone marrow cells, which may contribute to excess plasma cell growth. Dendritic cells in the bone marrow secrete IL-6, a hormone that stimulates normal plasma cell growth.
Occasionally, multiple myeloma is identified unexpectedly through a blood test conducted for a different purpose. Alternatively, if your doctor believes you may have multiple myeloma based on your signs and symptoms, they may also order a diagnosis.
Diagnosing multiple myeloma may involve tests and procedures such as:
- Blood tests: A laboratory analysis of your blood can reveal the presence of M proteins produced by myeloma cells. Additionally, beta-2-microglobulin, another abnormal protein produced by myeloma cells, may be detected and provide insight into the aggressiveness of the myeloma. Furthermore, blood tests assessing kidney function, blood cell counts, calcium levels, and uric acid levels can also help to inform the diagnosis.
- Urine tests: A urine analysis may reveal the presence of M proteins, also known as Bence Jones proteins.
- Tests of your bone marrow: Your doctor may take a sample of bone marrow for laboratory examination by performing a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy, which involves inserting a long needle into a bone. The collected sample will then be tested for the presence of myeloma cells, and specialized tests such as FISH (fluorescence in situ hybridization) can be used to analyze these cells and detect any gene mutations.
- Imaging examination: It is possible that imaging tests such as an X-ray, MRI, CT, or positron emission tomography (PET) scan may be recommended to identify any bone issues that may be related to multiple myeloma.
At Stem Cell Care India, we believe in a multidisciplinary approach to treating patients with multiple myeloma. Our team of medical experts collaborates to assess each individual’s condition and provide them with the information they need to make informed decisions about their care.
For your unique multiple myeloma diagnosis and condition, we will create a personalized treatment plan. This plan will be based on the stage and aggressiveness of the disease, your age, health history, and desired outcome. We aim to treat your condition in the most conservative manner possible, utilizing combination therapies that will give you the greatest likelihood of a successful outcome.
A multiple myeloma bone marrow transplant can be a powerful tool in combating the condition by replacing unhealthy blood cells with healthy ones.
There are two major types of bone marrow transplant treatments for multiple myeloma, which consist of the following:
- Autologous Transplant: This treatment utilizes the patient’s own bone marrow for the procedure.
- Allogeneic Transplant: Your healthcare provider will use bone marrow cells from a matched donor for this treatment procedure.
For individuals fighting multiple myeloma, high-dose cancer treatment is often necessary. However, this strong treatment can damage the bone marrow, which is the spongy tissue inside bones that is responsible for producing blood cells. To counteract this, a myeloma bone marrow transplant can be performed to restore the marrow and ensure healthy blood production.
By establishing standards for stem cell transplantation for multiple myeloma or bone marrow treatment and utilizing innovative approaches to treat myeloma, we are striving to improve the long-term outcomes of blood and bone marrow transplantation.
Our multiple myeloma bone marrow transplant program includes outpatient procedures, enabling patients with multiple myeloma to receive autologous transplants and return home after treatment. This addition has been highly praised by patients, who appreciate the increased autonomy it provides, and has achieved remarkable success in terms of patient satisfaction.
The implantation process in bone marrow transplant is crucial for the success of the procedure. The implantation, also known as engraftment, involves the infusion of healthy donor stem cells into the recipient’s bloodstream, where they travel to the bone marrow and start producing new blood cells.
The following methods can be used to perform stem cell implantation:
- Intravenous administration
- Intrathecal (lumber puncture)
- Liberation angioplasty
- Surgical administration for stroke
This process is a critical component of bone marrow transplant and must be carefully managed to ensure the best possible outcome for the patient.
Bone marrow transplantation is a technique to treat cancer by replacing unhealthy, cancerous cells in a person’s bone marrow with fresh, new blood-forming stem cells. This revolutionary process offers a chance at life for those suffering from the devastating effects of cancer.
Two different ways to infuse healthy stem cells exist: allogeneic and autologous. In the allogeneic method of stem cell transplantation, stem cells are taken from a donor, either unrelated or partially mismatched. Autologous, on the other hand, utilizes stem cells that originate from the patient themselves; these cells are collected before chemotherapy. Both of these processes suppress the patient’s immune system, making it easier for the transplanted cells to integrate and grow.
After cancerous cells have been eliminated from the patient’s bone marrow, healthy stem cells from a donor are infused into the patient’s bloodstream, just like a blood transfusion. These transplanted cells go to the patient’s bone marrow and begin to form healthy blood cells.
The process of finding the perfect match for a patient in need of donor stem cells can be like searching for a needle in a haystack. Yet, with a little bit of luck and help from a sibling or an unrelated donor, the odds of a successful transplant increase drastically. Once the donor and patient are matched, the healthy stem cells can be transplanted and will replicate, creating new blood cells and bone marrow that can help the patient fight off any potential rejection from their immune system.
- How would you describe multiple myeloma?
Multiple myeloma is a type of cancer that affects the plasma cells, which are a type of white blood cell. It is considered a blood cancer, and it occurs when a large number of plasma cells grow abnormally and crowd out other cells in the bone marrow, leading to weakened bones and anemia.
- What are the stages of progression for multiple myeloma?
Mainly there are 4 stages of multiple myeloma which include:
- Smoldering: This particular stage has no signs and symptoms
- Stage 1: A malady of little anemia, a scant amount of M protein, and no bone malady was identified in the early stages.
- Stage 2: Anemia and M protein levels soar, with bones succumbing to the damage.
- Stage 3: M protein and anemia continued to persist, and signs of kidney damage became evident.
- What are the potential risks associated with Multiple Myeloma?
The risk factors linked to the condition include:
- Age – Multiple myeloma is most common in people over 65.
- Gender – Men are more likely than women to develop multiple myeloma.
- Exposure to radiation or chemicals – Exposure to radiation or certain chemicals such as benzene and herbicides can increase the risk of multiple myeloma.
- Race – African-Americans are more likely to develop multiple myeloma than other races.
- Family history – Having a family history of multiple myeloma increases the risk.
- Obesity – Research suggests that carrying excess weight increases the risk of multiple myeloma.
- Certain genetic mutations – Certain genetic mutations may increase the risk of multiple myeloma.
- What are the treatment options available for Multiple Myeloma?
The treatment depends on the patient’s diagnosis as it will determine the initial treatment regimes.
However, our doctors prefer bone marrow transplants for multiple myeloma treatment in India. As this treatment helps to replace unhealthy blood cells with healthy ones.
- What is the estimated recovery time for a multiple myeloma bone marrow transplant?
After a few weeks, you can finally head back home. Make sure your levels are in a good place, so you can fight off infection and prevent bleeding. To ensure a full recovery, it’s recommended that you visit the transplant center regularly for the next 6 months or longer.
A stem cell transplant can be a powerful remedy for multiple myeloma, replacing unhealthy cells with healthy stem cells that can develop into an assortment of blood cells. These new cells can help to restore the body, providing a fresh start.
- Red blood cells, also known as erythrocytes, are responsible for transporting oxygen throughout your body. They are essential for keeping your body functioning properly.
- White blood cells, also known as immune cells, play a vital role in fighting off infections.
- Platelets are an essential component of the blood, as they work to help your blood clot, preventing excessive bleeding.
A multiple myeloma treatment bone marrow transplant, in which a high dose of chemotherapy is used to destroy the cells in the bone marrow, including cancer cells. Healthy stem cells are then transplanted, either from the patient (autologous) or a donor (allogenic).
For some people with multiple myeloma, a bone marrow transplant may be an effective treatment option. During this procedure, a high dose of chemotherapy is used to destroy the cancer cells in the bone marrow.
Afterward, stem cells that have been isolated from the blood are transplanted into the patient. These new stem cells will begin to develop into healthy blood cells. It can take several months for blood counts to return to normal.
Although a stem cell transplantation for multiple myeloma or bone marrow treatment can improve overall survival, relapses can occur after a period of time. It is important to discuss with a doctor whether or not a stem cell transplant is a good option, as it can be hard on the body.
At all times, we strive to bring hope and healing to those we serve. We are committed to providing access to ground-breaking treatments, top-of-the-line amenities, and world-renowned care. Our in-house medical team is dedicated to developing innovative and effective treatments that combine the best of international standards with unique products and services. Our aim is to provide patients with the most beneficial care and treatment outcomes for their individual health conditions. We are proud to share that our dedication to hope and healing has enabled us to bring lasting relief to thousands of individuals.
In recent years, bone marrow transplants for multiple myeloma have become an increasingly popular treatment option for a wide range of diseases. The procedure has been used to treat a variety of cancers and blood disorders, including leukemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma, myelodysplastic syndromes, aplastic anemia, thalassemia, and sickle cell anemia. It has also been used for the treatment of some solid tumours and other genetic and immune-mediated diseases.
The success of bone marrow transplantation is largely due to the advances in technology and techniques that have been made over the years.
If you’re curious to know the cost of bone marrow transplants in Delhi, the answer may depend on a variety of factors. How much you’ll need to pay may depend on your particular situation such as:
- The location of the hospital
- The connection between the donor and patient is also important
- Type of multiple myeloma bone marrow transplant in Delhi
- The overall condition and age of the patient
- Diagnosis, examinations and lab tests
The remarkable success of our treatments and the affordability of our bone marrow transplants have put India on the map for international patients seeking innovative and cost-effective medical care. With the quality of care we provide, our country is quickly becoming a top destination for those seeking excellent medical services.
If you’d like to learn more about our multiple myeloma stem cell therapy or bone marrow treatment, our team of knowledgeable professionals is here to help. They can take you through the entire process and offer around-the-clock support. about our treatment? Our team of knowledgeable professionals is here to provide round-the-clock guidance and support with every step of the way. Get in touch today!
Replacing unhealthy cells with healthy ones, a bone marrow transplant offers hope for those living with multiple myeloma. This treatment has the potential to reduce the risk of further bone marrow damage and relapse, ultimately providing a better chance of survival.
India has become acknowledged as a prime destination for bone marrow treatment, with its cost-effective and successful services. Patients from around the world flock to the subcontinent for its treatments, which are renowned for their effectiveness and for being comparatively inexpensive when compared to other countries.
The potential for success in transplantation for any individual patient is capable of being evaluated through a comprehensive assessment of their medical history, performance status, other medical conditions, familial support structure, financial standing and personal investment in their own healthcare.
Through the melphalan stem cell transplant or bone marrow treatment process, a multivariant analysis can be conducted to determine the outcome expectations for the patient. A thorough health history, physical examination and clinical testing are then carried out to confirm the patient’s physiological condition.
A bone marrow transplant is a therapy that offers hope for those suffering from diseased or damaged bone marrow. Healthy stem cells are taken from either the patient’s own body or a donor and transferred into the patient, allowing for the replacement of the faulty cells. This process is used to treat a variety of cancers, including myeloma as well as other blood and immune system disorders.
With Multiple myeloma stem cell therapy or bone marrow transplant, Delhi is at the forefront of offering a reliable and risk-free solution to myeloma.
At Stem Cell Care India, we understand that a bone marrow transplant is a big step. That’s why we provide a variety of advantages for opting for this treatment. Some of them are:
- After just a three-day stay in the hospital, patients are able to go back to their daily routines.
- We will be with you every step of the way to make sure your journey to India is as smooth as possible. From planning to post-treatment follow-up care, we’ll provide you with a seamless and comfortable experience.
- At our facility, our team of dedicated, highly trained professionals guarantees that each treatment is both safe and effective. When you entrust your health to us, you can be sure that you are in the hands of experts.
- Affordability meets world-class quality at SCCI – bone marrow transplant is available at a fraction of the cost compared to treatment in Western countries, but still with first-rate care in a state-of-the-art facility.
Stem Cell Care India is dedicated to revolutionizing the healthcare sector with the introduction of stem cell treatment that is accessible to all. Our strict quality control standards ensure that the treatment is reliable and trustworthy. Hence, we have some quality control guidelines, such as:
- Prior to being examined, each collection of stem cells is rigorously screened for any microbial pathogens.
- We take extra precautions to make sure our stem cells and media are completely free from Gram-bacteria and mycoplasma, thoroughly inspecting them for any signs of contamination.
- To ensure stem cell safety, endotoxin screening is a crucial measure. All batches must be approved if endotoxin levels fall below a predetermined level.
- Scientists are continually examining stem cells to detect any abnormalities or dangerous microbes that could create a problem during treatment or cause harm to the patient.
- A Certificate of Analysis accompanies every collection of stem cells, ensuring that these cells have undergone appropriate testing and can be used with confidence.
The success of a bone marrow transplant can be greatly influenced by the genetic similarities between the donor and recipient. Finding a compatible donor, however, can prove to be a challenge, especially if they are not related.
The progress of medical science has made strides in the realm of bone marrow transplants, with an increase in successes.
The treatment outcomes or recovery might depend on the following listed points:
- The state of your overall health
- The type of transplant that was performed.
- The acceptance of the donor’s marrow by the body
- The quantity of chemotherapy and/or radiation that a patient underwent.
- The ability of your body to combat infection.
- Issa Ayad visited India for bone marrow treatment
Hi, I am Issa from Abu Dhabi, and I can’t express how grateful I am for bone marrow treatment for multiple myeloma in India. Thanks to this treatment, I am now in remission and able to enjoy life again. The entire process was smooth and painless, and I am so thankful for the medical professionals at Stem Cell Care who made it possible.
- Adam Scott from Germany came to us for multiple myeloma treatment
I was diagnosed with multiple myeloma a few years ago, and after trying several treatments with little success, my doctor recommended bone marrow treatment in Delhi, India. I was nervous at first, but the results were incredible. My cancer has not only gone into remission, but my overall health has improved drastically. I would highly recommend multiple myeloma treatment bone marrow transplant to anyone battling multiple myeloma.
- Priya Thapa’s Success story of effective bone marrow transplant
As someone who has undergone bone marrow treatment for multiple myeloma at Stem Cell Care India, I can confidently say that it was the best decision I made for my health. The procedure was painless, and the recovery was quick. The results were nothing short of amazing, and I am now cancer-free. I would encourage anyone facing a similar diagnosis to consider bone marrow treatment as a viable option.
- Morcos from UAE visited India for the treatment of his mother
My mother was diagnosed with multiple myeloma, and we were all worried about her prognosis. However, after undergoing bone marrow treatment at Stem Cell Care India, she has made an incredible recovery. Her cancer is in remission, and her quality of life has vastly improved. We are so grateful for this treatment and the amazing medical team who made it possible.
Every patient in need of medical treatment is granted assurance that the cells being used in their care are of the highest quality, quantity, and viability through a certified laboratory’s rigorous authentication process. This authentication provides medical professionals with the confidence that the patient is receiving the best and safest care possible.
Ensuring the highest quality of care for a patient is paramount, and the authentication process is key in this regard. It provides the assurance that the cells in use are of the highest calibre and are in their optimal state for the best possible outcome.
The team at Stem Cell Care India, will remain by your side for the coming eighteen months, checking in with you every month, two months, and six months. We’ll use this time to refine our processes and make sure our services are always top-notch. You are free to reach out to us anytime you feel the need for extra assistance.
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