Our eyes are one of the most significant organs in our body. Through it, we are able to see things and do our errands efficiently. The human eye is a complex yet imperative organ of our body filled with nerves, a lens, liquid and more. This organ gives us the aptitude to envisage the world in different colors, shapes and dimensions; centered on the reflection and refraction norm. In our eye, several major constituents work concurrently to capture and transmit the image to the occipital lobe of the brain through optic nerves. Separate info from left and right eye is directed to the brain through these nerve impulses. This info is then combined by our brain for determining the distance and profundity of the image so as to envisage full three dimensional images. The upward and downward muscular movement of the eye is monitored by superior and inferior rectus muscles, whereas the side movement and staying in level is controlled with the assistance of medial and lateral rectus muscles. These muscles are in turn controlled over with the aid of oculomotor nerves. To prevent the frictional impairment from these movements, the tears are released by lacrymal glands, which can improve lubrication, confiscate foreign objects and avert bacterial infection.
Occipital lobe is the portion of central nervous system, accountable for deciphering vision. Thus, any impairment to optic nerve can sternly affect central vision, peripheral vision and color vision of an individual. The functional aberration in any of the above major constituents might cause serious eye glitches; which if overlooked, might gradually result in vision loss. Thus, there are a number of eye conditions such as retinopathy or some forms of corneal sicknesses, which can be very upsetting for some of the patients; where as some of the other disorders can be so subtle that they can be routinely treated by an ophthalmologist.
The various symptoms of eye disorders are:
- Blurry vision on objects that are in the distance.
- Squinting the eye
- Severe headaches or the eyes will become exhausted from reading.
- It is difficult to see things that are within close range.
- In kids, the most common symptom is crossed eyes.
- Eye weariness.
- There will be a swelling of the optic nerves.
Pre-treatment assessment tests for proper diagnosis include:
- Ocular History Assessments
- Vision Assessments
- External Inspection of Eyes and Eyelids
- Ocular Motility Assessments
- Pupil Examination
- Red Reflex Examination
- Optic Nerve Imaging
- Amster Grid Testing
- Pupil Dilation
Out of the several enumerated eye disorders, some of the most convoluted one have been treated with the help of stem cell eye treatment in Delhi:
- Age Related Macular Degeneration
- Eye Injury
- Optic Nerve Atrophy
Stem cell therapy for Myopia
The most common name for myopia is nearsightedness. This is the disorder portraying issue in refractive mechanism, wherein the nearby things are evidently visible, but distant objects do not come into appropriate emphasis. In general, the condition can be straight associated with the long eye ball or too much of corneal curvature, so that the gleams of the light entering into eyes are not properly focused. The type of condition is very common in school kids and teenagers.
Stem cell therapy for Macular Degeneration
The macula is the most sensitive portion of the retina; situated at the back of the eye and is made up of number of light sensitive cells called as photoreceptors. These cells are centrally accountable for crystal clear vision. Because of number of risk factors such as age, family history and smoking, these cells start to die triggering progressive degeneration of the macula. When the macula is impaired; the center of your field of view might appear blurred, distorted or dark. The syndrome is largely categorized into two forms. Dry Macular Degeneration is diagnosed when yellowish spots known as “drunsen” start to appear on the macula specifying the deterioration of the tissue. The Wet Macular Degeneration is spotted when new blood vessels begin growing underneath the retina leaking blood and fluid. The wet form of the sickness will create dark blind spots in the central vision.
Stem cell therapy for Retinopathy
Retinopathy or Retinitis Pigmentosa, is the most commonly happening progressive, degenerative disorder affecting the retina of the eye. It particularly affects the light sensitive cells of the retina known as strong rods. They send the info to the brain regarding every minuscule detail of your visualization via the assistance of optic nerves. Retinitis Pigmentosa is characterized by the vicissitudes in the pigment owing to resultant degeneration of optic nerves. This in turn is connected with thinning of retinal blood vessels as the demand of blood supply is lowered significantly. The prevalence of this disorder is related to the genetic deficiency. It is believed that out of many genes accountable for normal eye functioning, one faulty gene can causes this type of retinal malformation.
Stem cell therapy for Glaucoma
Glaucoma is the chronic eye disease causing progressive demolition of the optic nerves resulting in the irreversible blindness if left untreated. The optic nerves carry an image from the retina to the brain for permitting us to envision the picture. The glaucoma can be roughly categorized as open angle and angle closure based on the anatomy of the eye’s anterior chamber, and is further categorized as primary and secondary disorder.
- The Open Angle Glaucoma: It is the most common kind of glaucoma, related with the blockage of the open eye drainage angle of the eye, leading to the augmented eye pressure and thus impairing the optic nerves.
- The Angle Closure Glaucoma: It results when the drainage angle of the eyes narrows and becomes entirely blocked. In this scenario, there is a speedy accumulation of pressure and can be treated as the medical emergency. The symptoms of it includes severe eye pain, blurry vision, headache, rainbow haloes around the light, nausea and vomiting.
Stem cell therapy for Eye injuries
The surface of the eye is made up of thin, transparent dome named as the cornea. The cornea covers the entire iris and the pupil. The first beam of light that is refracted from the image, strikes the cornea. Since the portion is exposed, it is more susceptible to injuries. There are numerous reasons of eye injuries such as flying dust; foreign article like metal or sand, a fingernail, an animal claw might cause damage. A minor scratch or corneal abrasion might result in corneal ulcers, if overlooked for a lengthier period of time.
Stem cell therapy for Optic Nerve
Optic Nerve Atrophy is an umbrella term, categorized with the group of conditions, which limit appropriate functioning of the optic nerve; i.e. diffusion of accurate info about visual insight. Optic nerve is the central oval, pinkish region of the retina and is indispensably significant for linking retina of the eye with the occipital lobe, via networking of more than one million nerves and blood vessels. Occipital lobe is the portion of central nervous system, accountable for decoding vision. Thus, any impairment to optic nerve can ruthlessly affect central vision, peripheral vision and color vision of an individual. Optic nerve atrophy can be categorized with a mild to severe impairment to the optic nerve, because of number of reasons, like trauma, toxins, shortages, swelling, infection and/or congenital difficulties. Through conventionally obtainable options, there is no conclusive cure to reverse atrophy of the optic nerve; however, some rehabilitative methodologies can be integrated, like use of magnifying spectacles, spectacles with remedial refractive errors, normalizing pressure on the eye through use of eyedrops, etc. Also, stem cells can play a great role in reversing the symptoms of this ailment.
Along with the above listed major eye problems; some of the other common issues are as follows:
- Benevolent non-cancerous growth
- Light sensitivity
- Swelling of the sclera
- Gathering of blood in the eye
Best disease, termed vitelliform macular dystrophy, is normally an autosomal dominant disorder (genetic disorder), which characteristically presents in infantile with the prominent appearance of a yellow or orange yolk like graze in the macula. The customary treatment methodology is not successful in reversing the mutilation to the tissue; but with the extraordinary progress in the field of stem cells, it is now possible to evoke the normal vision using easy and natural procedure. Stem cells are the naive cells of the body, which are able to segregate into many kinds of cells if directed via appropriate channel.
Stem cell processing method
Umbilical cord collection and preliminary testings
It is a common practice in India for mommies to voluntarily donate the umbilical cord blood from the birth of their fit full-term kids. Every mom who enters a hospital in India to give birth is spontaneously tested for all main sicknesses. Comprehensive family histories are also taken from each mother before donation. Only females who have been fully screened and found to be totally healthy are allowable to donate their umbilical cord and umbilical cord blood.
Second round of testing
The second step in the screening procedure happens in laboratory once the collected samples have been verified negatively for communicable ailments; it is then transported to our laboratories and officially becomes the property. From this phase, it is mandatory for each and every sample to be processed and provided to patients. The gathered sample starts a second round of testing and while following donor’s prerequisite also carries out testing for cytomegalovirus, micro-organisms (aerobic bacteria, anaerobic bacteria, fungi, etc.), survival rate, stem cell surface indicators and stem cell biological characteristics (colony forming aptitude, differential capability) in each step to safeguard the highest quality to its cell products.
The stem cells derived from each umbilical cord are sowed into a flask filled with culture medium. This medium does not have any animal products (such as fetal calf serum) but it is heightened with cell growth factors. The flasks are positioned in a sterilized, temperature and humidity controlled incubator. The stem cells are lengthened in the culture medium. Once the culturing is done, the culture mediums are splashed away and are harvested.
The cell products are then cryo-preserved and stored at a consistent -196 degree Celsius temperature with automatic supplement of liquid nitrogen using the exceedingly advanced Thermogenesis BioArchive system. This technology permits for integrated control rate of freezing that absolutely avoids unexpected drops in temperature. Our cryo-preservation storage equipment is also fortified with 24h real-time control system and in any situation of power-failure or other emergency; a redundant fail-safe power supply guarantees that normal operation is implemented. Our vacuum protection system can uphold appropriate temperature for 20 days without supplement of liquid nitrogen.
Packing and transport
All consignments of stem cells undergo final testing. During this procedure, they are also tested for quantity and quality. Once the stem cells are reckoned safe, each unit is positioned into either a sterile vial or a sterile IV bag for future transplantation. All merchandises are separately cataloged and traced while in transit. Our cell transplants come to pass two to three days a week. All of our cells are processed on an as-needed basis. All of our cell products are treated and kept fresh, giving us the highest stem cell sustainability count and the maximum effectiveness.
Stem cell procedure
The doctors in our affiliated hospitals use several injection procedures to deliver stem cells. Contingent on each patient’s particular condition, one or multiple approaches of delivery will be used during a standard treatment sitting so as to maximize safety and effectiveness. It is imperative to remember that Stem Cell Care India protocols always highlight safety first and the injections approaches provided are slightly invasive but still a very concentrated on delivering the stem cells as close as possible from the injury location.
1. Do I need to habitually examine my eyes?
Yes, it is always sensible to check your eyes frequently. Young adults between the age group 20-39 should have their eye checkups after every 3-5 years. Whereas grown-ups between the age group 40-64 should have their eye checkups after every 2-4 years. In case of senior citizens above 65 years of age, ophthalmic visit has to be once a year. Regardless of age groups, some individuals congregated under the category of high risk adults should also visit ophthalmologist once a year such as folks with diabetes, strong family history of glaucoma, persons with AIDS, etc.
2. Will working at a computer screen or sitting close to TV screen harm my eyes?
No, there is not yet any scientific indication that these instruments release rays that can be dangerous to the eyes, however long working hours can be wearisome and hence it is often useful to take episodic breaks, looking off in the distance etc.
3. Sometimes I notice dark patchy spots or floaters particularly on the white surface. Can this be the reason for me to worry?
These are the common eye complications which are signs of retinal or corneal malfunctioning. It is always desirable to visit the doctors as timely as possible.
4. I have slowly found it harder to read without glasses. Why?
The capability to focus the near objects declines with age and is referred to as presbyopia. The condition is recognized as the natural aging of the optic lens. The condition is often unalterable with conventional treatments; however, stem cell treatment for eyes can to some degree reverse the impairment naturally with complete stoppage of more progression.
5. Is my kid likely to inherit some eye problems?
Yes, some of the eye sicknesses such as glaucoma, photophobia etc. are witnessed to be directly connected up with a hereditary abnormality which can either be genetic or mutational. However, some of the common eye issues such as burns, corneal damage, etc. are associated with environmental impairment.
6. Can eyes be transplanted?
No, there are no confirmations presently to transplant the whole eyes, however portion of the eye can be replaced if an apt donor is found via eye stem cell transplant.
7. Can stem cell treatment treat my damage?
Yes, stem cells are the unspoiled cells of the body, which can give rise to several diverse kinds of cells once they get appropriate signaling. In case of eye disorders, these cells have shown amazing improvements by segregating into photoreceptor cells, rods and cones cells of the inner eyes, optic nerve cells, etc.