Retinopathy is an eye condition that can cause blindness in people who have been suffering from chronic diabetes. The disease affects blood vessels in the retina, further impacting the vision of a person. Retinopathy, which hampers the vision profoundly or affects your sight and effects your daily activities, needs to be controlled. Here are some of the main treatments possible for the disease.
- Laser Treatment
Treat the growth of new blood vessels abnormally progressing near the retina in cases of proliferative diabetic retinopathy and bring stability in some instances of maculopathy.
- Eye injections
To treat the severe maculopathy that might be impeding the sight and causing challenges in undertaking activities that require diligence. Eye injections can restrict the increase of damage in the retina due to blood pressure fluctuations.
- Eye Surgery
In case bleeding occurs into the eye’s iris, surgery could be conducted to make sure that scar tissue is removed from the eyes. This alternative is used for cases where retinopathy is too advanced, and laser treatment cannot produce results.
- The process involves shining a laser into the eyes after a local anesthetic is used to numb your eyes, eyed drops are also used to widen the pupils, and special contact lenses are used to hold your eyelids open and focus the laser into your retina.
- The procedure is a small one and generally only takes 20 to 40 minutes.
- Doctors advise for special care after the treatment.
- A painless procedure, but the patient might feel a little discomfort while under surgery.
In some instances of maculopathy caused by out-of-control diabetes, anti–VEGF injections can be directly administered into the eye to prevent the growth of abnormal blood vessels at the back of the eyes. The medicines used are ranibizumab and aflibercept. These would help in stopping the problems in your eyes from getting worse and may also lead to an improvement in your vision.
- Eyes are thoroughly cleaned and covered with a sheet.
- Medical apparatus is used to keep the eyes open.
- Anesthetic drops are administered to numb your eyes.
- A needle is carefully penetrated into the eye, and the injection is given.
Surgery may be carried out to remove some of the vitreous humor that has been impacting the drainage channels in the eye. This is a transparent, jelly-like substance that fills the space behind the eyes’ lens.
In such conditions, an operation like vitreoretinal surgery might be needed
- A lot of blood has collected into the eye, forming scar tissue over time.
- There is excessive scar tissue that can cause retinal detachment.
Advanced research in the field of Stem Cell Therapy have brought forward some of the major problems prevalent with Stem Cell Therapy. One of the most significant challenges for rehabilitating the retina and other cells present in the eye through Stem Cell Therapy is the hostile microenvironment present in the retina, which besides affecting the endogenous repair mechanisms and homing of the cells, also impacts the survival of the transplanted cells. Genetically engineered, more resilient cells would be more helpful in overcoming these challenges. According to further recent research, it has been reported that earlier treatment could improve the chances of recovery in cases suffering from diabetic retinopathy. Earlier identification of individuals at higher risk with these conditions would require a process by which individuals with an increased probability of getting the disease are identified. For Stem Cell Therapy in India, contact Stem Cell Care India which can manage to provide some of the best possible treatments for conditions such as retinopathy and other eye diseases.