The optic nerve carries impulses from the eye to the brain; under optic atrophy, the optic nerve is affected, and vision Is impaired. Optic atrophy is not a disease but rather a condition which is a sign of more severe conditions that are to follow. Optic atrophy results from damage to the optic nerve from many different kinds of pathologies. The condition can cause problems with vision.
The optic nerve is composed of fibres that transmit impulses to the brain. When a person suffers from optic nerve atrophy, interference occurs with the optic nerve’s ability to transmit these impulses. The interference can be caused due to various factors. Some of the most prominent factors are.
- Stroke of the optic nerve, a condition known as anterior ischemic optic neuropathy
- Progression of a tumour which might be pressing upon the Optic Nerve.
- Inflammation of the Optic Neuritis leads to vision loss and impairment. This is generally caused by multiple sclerosis.
- Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy is a condition in which a patient might suffer vision loss in one eye first and then the other one.
- Improper formation of the optic nerve, which is a congenital problem.
Early detection of a disease can help improve the chances of recovering lost abilities, in the case of Optic Atrophy, as well as the presence of some of these symptoms, and their early recognition can help in treatment later on. These include
- Blurred Vision.
- Difficulties with peripheral vision.
- Difficulty with colour vision.
- A decline in the sharpness of the vision.
Stem Cell Therapy for Optic Nerve Atrophy
Ongoing research has revealed that Stem cell therapies could possibly improve conditions under ailments such as degenerative eye disease, where the replacement of neurons and neural circuits is necessary for restoring vision. Stem Cell Therapies, such as paracrine-mediated therapies, can use cell-derived trophic factors to protect compromised endogenous retinal neurons from death and induce the growth of new connections to help recover from vision loss. These therapies can also protect retinal neurons from damage and induce the development of new connections.
According to research, Retinal progenitor phenotypes induced from embryonic stem cells/induced pluripotent stem cells and endogenous retinal stem cells may replace lost photoreceptors and retinal pigment epithelial cells and restore vision in the diseased eye. Until now, according to the research, treatment of injured retinal ganglion cells has relied solely on Mesenchymal cells. According to recently conducted groundbreaking research, ESCs and Ipsc have the potential to replace lost retinal cells. In contrast, MSC can be a valuable source of paracrine factors that protect RGC and stimulate regeneration of their axons in the optic nerve in degenerative eye disease. Therefore, it’s possible that NSC might be used for the replacement of cells and also for mediators of paracrine treatment. To help the symptoms of the disease, Stem Cell India and their Stem Cell Therapies can help in improving the conditions as well as the overall symptoms of the disease. Their expert doctors can manage your treatment according to your comfort and adapt it according to your will. Contact them today for a full-fledged treatment.
To ensure that conditions like these are recognized as soon as possible, an ophthalmologist might examine the yes with an instrument called an ophthalmoscope. First, the doctor would examine the optic disc, especially the point at the back where the optic nerves enter. In the case of such diseases, the optic disc would be pale because of a change in the flow of the blood vessels.