While many new and astonishing therapies for rheumatoid arthritis have been devised in recent years, very little progress has been made in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common kind of arthritis and affects a notable percentage of population all across the globe. OA is an ailment of articular cartilage, the gristle that caps the ends of long bones. Cartilage has both gliding in addition to shock absorbing properties. It is this flexibility of utility that empowers a joint to work appropriately. Normal cartilage is composed of cells called chondrocytes that sit inside a matrix comprising of collagen and glycosaminoglycans.
Osteoarthritis develops when the chondrocyte starts to malfunction and begins to produce destructive enzymes. Simultaneously, water content inside the matrix changes making it more predisposed to stress. Small crashes, called fissures develop. Also, local inflammation encompassing the lining of the joint, called the synovium begins. The outcome is a gradual and untimely wearing away of cartilage.
As a fruitful treatment option, in recent years there has been much interest in the role of regenerative techniques like osteoarthritis stem cell treatment in Delhi. In recent years, methods have been developed to reap mesenchymal stem cells i.e. stem cells found in the bone marrow. These mesenchymal stem cells, when appropriately prepared and concentrated, have the aptitude to segregate into cartilage and bone. Stem cells are gathered from the patient’s iliac crest bone marrow using local anesthetic and a special kind of biopsy needle. The stem cells are then predominantly concentrated.