Role Of Stem Cell Therapy In Post-COVID Lungs Fibrosis

What is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease? (COPD or Lung Disease)

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD or Lung Disease) is a term that refers to a collection of lung ailments (diseases) that may make it difficult for the body to expel air from the lungs. Symptoms of COPD include tiredness and shortness of breath (breathlessness). A person with emphysema, chronic bronchitis, or a mix of the two may be diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD or Lung Disease).

Tobacco smoke, either active or secondhand smoke, is the main cause of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD or Lung Disease). Inhaling smoke or other airborne irritants or pollutants may cause mucus production to rise in the bronchial tubes (bronchi), resulting in inflammation and thickening of the bronchial walls. Coughing often, resulting in mucus production, is a symptom of excessive mucus production in the bronchial tubes (phlegm). When pollutants are breathed in excess, COPD may develop over time or in a short amount of time.

Other environmental variables, such as dust, air pollution, and airborne pollutants, may induce Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD or Lung Disease).

The diagnosis of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD or Lung Disease)

“Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are both part of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Most people with COPD have a little bit of both, but one or the other predominates. Your doctor will inquire about your family’s history of respiratory diseases, your symptoms, and the medications you’re taking, as well as your lifestyle. To diagnose and evaluate the severity of your COPD, he or she will do a physical exam and request certain laboratory tests.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) was predicted to affect 13.1 million people in the United States in 2008. (COPD or Lung Disease). However, over 24 million people in the United States show signs of decreased lung function, suggesting a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) underdiagnosis (COPD or Lung Disease).

In 2008, an estimated 9.8 million Americans were diagnosed with chronic bronchitis, which causes inflammation and scarring of the bronchial tubes’ lining. Chronic bronchitis affects individuals of all ages, although the incidence is greatest among those 65 and older, at 56.3 per 1,000 people.”

SARS-COV 2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus) causes COVID-19, an acute respiratory viral illness that has spread globally. COVID-19 is primarily responsible for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) respiratory problems, cytokine storm, and severe immunological disturbances. The tests show that even when individuals recover from COVID-19, symptoms remain in the body, producing pain, which is a result of the viral infection caused by significant immunological abnormalities. Following the COVID-19 challenges, pulmonary fibrosis has become a stumbling block in the lungs, inflicting significant damage. We have demonstrated the efficacy and importance of the Hepatocyte Growth Factor (HGF) secreted by Mesenchymal Stem Cell (MSC) therapy on selective stoppage of the Transforming Growth Factor-Beta (TGF-) signalling pathway by causing immunomodulatory effects that alleviate pulmonary fibrosis via paracrine signalling in this review. More pilot trials, however, are needed to establish the effectiveness and effects of the resurfacing complication.

Stem Cell Treatment For Interstitial Lung Disease

Stem Cell Treatment For Interstitial Lung Disease

What are the types of lungs diseases and their cures with stem cells?

Pulmonary fibrosis is the solidifying and scarring of the lung tissue. The term idiopathic signifies the cause is unidentified and befallen unexpectedly. Diffuse parenchymal lung disease (DPLD) & Interstitial lung disease (ILD) are an assemblage of lung diseases that affect the tissue and spaces around the air sacs (interstitium) in the lungs (alveoli). This family of numerous lung ailments befalls an injury to the lungs that fails to reconcile appropriately for several reasons. Zones of the lungs that are susceptible to injuries consist of:

  • Pulmonary capillary endothelium
  • Basement membrane – a specialized form of extracellular matrix (ECM)
  • Alveolar epithelium – functional and physical barrier of hazardous environmental agents
  • Perilymphatic lung tissue
  • Perivascular tissue

Alveolar fibrosis – fibroid lung disease

Under common situations, the human body can initiate self-repair of the lungs using paracrine cell gesturing but for some patients with interstitial lung disease, this standard lung repair procedure breakdowns occasioning in the tissue around alveoli air pouches to solidify and become mutilated. Thickened mutilated lung tissue makes it challenging for oxygen to pass back into the bloodstream occasioning in impairment to both the whole cardiovascular system and lungs. The term interstitial lung disease is used by pulmonologists to differentiate these kinds of lung diseases from others such as COPD and obstructive airways diseases. If left untreated, interstitial lung disease leads to fibrotic scarring of the lungs identified as pulmonary fibrosis. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis generally gets detected after radiographic lung scans begin to show pleural-based fibrosis with honeycombing in the lungs and multiplying fibroblasts (fibroblastic foci.) IPF and fibroid lung disease generally begins with a manifestation of swelling in the alveoli. The alveoli are the small air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen ensues. The brittle lining of the alveoli permits this gas exchange. Once these alveoli become swollen and impaired in some way, the body’s response would be to trigger the immune response and to reconcile the impaired alveoli. This causes scarring and solidifying of the alveolar walls. Unluckily, the solidified and scarred alveoli cannot perform resourcefully during gas exchange. This eventually results in a lesser quantity of oxygen that can be conveyed into the body and less carbon dioxide that can be ejected out.

Signs & symptoms of pulmonary fibrosis

Some of the common signs and symptoms that are there in patients spotted with onset idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis are:

  • Severe shortness of breath. This is instigated by heart ailment or the reduced quantity of oxygen that the body gets because of the ineffective, affected alveoli. It gets worse with physical activity as the body is aiming to get more oxygen.
  • Continuous dry cough
  • Clubbing sensations of the finger and toenails. Clubbing is the inflammation in the base of the finger and generally accompanied by cyanosis (bluish discoloration of the nails.) This is a sign of hypoxia or reduced level of oxygen in the tissue. This sign often establishes later on the ailment progress and end-stage pulmonary fibrosis.
  • Decrease of lung capacity or airflow obstructions occasioning in untimely exhaustion.

Traditional vs. modern treatments for ILD & lung fibrosis

Formerly, there were traditionally nominal options for handling chronic progressive lung ailments such as COPD and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Even now, there are numerous clinical trials for trying to cure interstitial lung diseases, familial pulmonary fibrosis and idiopathic lung sclerosis using revised gene therapies but as of now, there are no operative pharmaceutical medicine based treatments sanctioned for treatments.  In some circumstances, steroids are recommended to help reduce the inflammation or mucomyst (Acetylcysteine) to decrease symptoms, but the effects are provisional and do nothing to the underlying reason of the disease. Lung transplants are another alternative for some but are considered very invasive, high-risk and are generally only offered to advanced end-stage pulmonary fibrosis patients. Although it has its confines, modified MSC stem cell treatment for interstitial lung disease offers a natural alternate to lung transplants for pulmonary fibrosis and anti-fibrotic medicines. Your stem cells are fundamentally the body’s drugstore. Stem cells are the building blocks of your whole body. These kinds of potent cells are named “totipotent” cells as they can change/segregate into any cell, tissue or bone in the human body. When used appropriately, MSC+ stem cells can aid with the loss of lung capability/reduced lung function by concentrating on the damaged or limited linings of the alveoli that are at the root of the ailment. The objective of the boosted MSC+ stem cell treatment for pulmonary fibrosis and lung hardening ailment is to help the body in detouring fibrotic scarring by restoring new healthy tissues and blood vessels via a process named as angiogenesis.

How Much Does Lung Stem Cell Therapy Cost?

How Much Does Lung Stem Cell Therapy Cost?

All About Lung Stem Cell Treatments And Its Cost

COPD can be stretched as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, is a term frequently used for cluster of lung complications including but not restricted to emphysema, chronic bronchitis and refractory asthma. The ailment is chiefly categorized by severe breathing trouble and coughing, which is misguidedly concluded as the normal fragment of aging. The following groups are more vulnerable to the disease

  • Aged individuals above 60 years.
  • Non-Hispanic whites
  • Females
  • Idle persons; who are unemployed, retired or inept to work.
  • Folks with low income groups.
  • Current or prior smokers
  • Those with the family history of asthma

Symptoms associated with the COPD

Primarily, the condition might go on without any signs and symptoms; however, gradually the disease might degenerate because of long-term exposure of lungs to the irritants. The signs and symptoms of COPD patients might consist of:

  • A continuing cough, encompassing lots of mucus; which is normally identified as the smokers cough.
  • Shortness of breath particularly after physical activity with usually a wheezing sound.
  • Tautness of chest.
  • Attacks of flu like symptoms frequently.

Occasionally, symptoms are more severe contingent upon the lung impairment including:

  • Inflammation of feet, ankles or legs.
  • Low muscle strength.
  • Severe breathing difficulty, having tough time to catch hold of breath.
  • The lips or fingernails might turn blue or grey contingent upon the oxygen level in the body.
  • Your heart beat is very quick.

Stem cell therapy for lung diseases

Stem cells are the mother cells that are accountable for developing a whole human body from a miniature two celled embryo; because of their infinite divisions and strong power to segregate into all the cells of diverse lineage. This power of stem cells has been hitched by the technology to isolate them outside the human body, focus in the clean milieu and insert back. Therefore, stem cells therapy for COPD encompasses administration of concentrated cells in the targeted region, where they can colonize in the impaired region, adapt the properties of resident stem cells and start some of the misplaced functions that have been negotiated by the ailment or injury. The diverse stem cells such as mesenchymal stem cells isolated from diverse sources of both allogenic as well autologous sources are acknowledged to be segregating into cells of different origin via their trans differentiation properties. These stem cells are identified to have angiogenic properties to augment the network of blood vessels. Once instilled back in the body, these cells can be repopulated at the impaired portions of the organ, via their strong paracrine effects and segregate into lost or damaged alveolar epithelial cells of the air sacs. They can also create novel blood vessels to improve the supply of blood or aid in production of supportive cells to improve the functioning of the vascular system.

How much does stem cell therapy cost?

Stem cell therapies have become very prevalent in recent years, as individuals are looking for the newest alternate treatments for their various conditions. Progressively more kinds of therapies are being familiarized every day, and folks across the globe are turning to them and refusing traditional procedures of medications and hospital visits. However, notwithstanding the large surge in demand for stem cell therapies, they still remain very costly to pursue. If you ask how much does lung stem cell therapy cost, even simple joint injections can cost virtually $1,000 and more forward-thinking treatments can increase in cost up to $100,000 contingent on the condition. So, why are stem cell treatments so costly? Stem cell therapy cost can be predisposed by:

  • The kind of stem cells administered
  • Where the treatment is being implemented
  • If the cells have been culturally expanded
  • If the cells are ethically obtained, feasible & regulated
  • Where the laboratory is situated for cell expansion

It is also significant to note that the cost of stem cell therapy will differ contingent on the nature of treatment required. Stem cell therapy cost for knees might vary from stem cell therapy cost for COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease). The region and issue being treated should largely influence the cost of the related treatment as diverse cell types, cell counts and treatment practices will be required. For instance, an effective stem cell therapy cost for MS will be much different than the cost of a site injection for limited pain. Patients must do their research and ask as many queries as they can before monetarily committing to treatment. Make certain to know how many cells you are getting, where those cells come from, if they are feasible, is the clinic/lab is regulated and ask for as comprehensive info to be provided as imaginable. When considering a potentially life-changing treatment, potential patients should be pondering these other imperative aspects, along with cost, when deciding the superlative location for investigational processes.