Muscular dystrophy is a nerve and muscular disorder. The optimal therapy for muscular dystrophy is determined on the kind and stage of the disease. Physical therapy, medication, and surgery are used to treat it.
Muscular dystrophy has no cure, however therapy may help you retain your independence while also strengthening your muscles. It is feasible to retain a high quality of life with an early diagnosis.
Muscular dystrophy is a neurological and muscular disorder. It is generally inherited, and it is diagnosed between the ages of two and five years old. Muscular dystrophy often manifests itself initially in the shoulders and pelvis.
Muscular dystrophy will ultimately spread throughout the body, affecting key nerves and muscle groups, even if it takes many years.
Muscular dystrophy signs and symptoms
At an early age, children with muscular dystrophy will generally have difficulty moving about. They may not be able to sit up, roll over, crawl, or walk as quickly as other kids. Because muscular dystrophy starts in the shoulders and pelvis, these motions are immediately impacted.
The following symptoms may appear gradually in older children and adults:
- Difficulty going uphill or ascending stairs • Inability to leap or hop • Clumsiness, stumbling, and falling
- Weakness in the upper body, especially shoulders • Toe walking • Pain in the pelvis or legs
Additional difficulties may arise as the illness develops due to muscular weakening. You may have heart and lung issues, as well as scoliosis.
Muscular Dystrophy Causes
Muscular dystrophy is a hereditary condition. It is caused by incorrect or missing genetic information. These faulty genes hinder your body from producing the proteins required for proper muscular development and growth.
Who is at risk for muscular dystrophy?
Muscular dystrophy may affect anybody. However, since it is a progressive hereditary illness, it is most often identified in young children. Adulthood diagnoses are not rare for some people who discover symptoms later in life.
Muscular dystrophy diagnosis
Your doctor may be hesitant to diagnose muscular dystrophy in youngsters at first. Rather than dystrophy, the disease’s symptoms may indicate delayed muscular development. Your doctor may initially send your kid to physical therapy to help strengthen his or her muscles.
A blood test will reveal genetic markers that indicate to muscular dystrophy if your family has a history of the illness. Other tests that are available include:
- Muscle biopsy: A sample of muscle tissue is examined under a microscope for indications of deterioration.
- Genetic testing: If no family history of muscular dystrophy is known, genetic tests may search for markers that indicate the risk of acquiring the disease.
- Neurological tests: An ECG or an echocardiography may be used to monitor your heartbeat and check for irregularities in the way your muscles function.
- Exercise tests: To determine how muscular dystrophy affects your body, your doctor may want to evaluate your strength.
- Imaging studies, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound scans, to determine the fat composition in your muscles.
Muscular dystrophy treatments
The optimal therapy for muscular dystrophy is determined on the kind of dystrophy you have and how far it has progressed in your body. To control your present symptoms and avoid future harm, your treatment strategy will most likely involve a mix of medication and therapy.
Physical therapy is a kind of treatment that is used
The greatest approach to avoid additional muscle deterioration is to maintain physical independence. As a result, for individuals with muscular dystrophy, physical treatment is strongly advised. A physical therapist can assist you or your kid in focusing their efforts on the disease’s particular muscle areas. These treatments may help you gain strength over time.
Orthotic braces are also often used to support joints such as the hips and knees. This helps to relieve joint strain and promote appropriate mobility. Without the need of a wheelchair or walker, braces may let you walk and move about independently.
Although pain medication may be given, there is no cure for the illness. Breathing care will be required at some point when the heart and respiratory muscles deteriorate as a result of muscular dystrophy.
If you have muscular dystrophy with scoliosis, you may need surgery to restore your spinal alignment. Your vertebrae may be fused together by a surgeon to straighten your spine and prevent future injury.