Cardiovascular sicknesses can deprive heart tissue of oxygen and cause scar tissue to form which alters blood flow/blood pressure. Research recommends that stem cells taken from adult bone marrow have the aptitude to segregate into those needed to repair the heart and blood vessels, cheers to the secretion of numerous growth factors. Numerous ways in which stem cell therapy is now being used and further investigated in regards to improving retrieval of heart disease are:
- Helping to stimulate repair and growth of blood vessel tissue
- Producing specialized muscle cells of the heart to grow new tissue
- Shrinking formation of scar tissue, assisting to restore blood flow and blood pressure capacity
- Diminishing overstretching of cardiac cells, thus restoring normal cardiac output (this helps inhibit heart failure)
- Improving formation of new capillaries
Although more research is required to gauge the safety and effectiveness of this methodology, stem cell types used in heart disease treatment include: embryonic stem (ES) cells, cardiac stem cells, myoblasts (muscle stem cells), adult bone marrow-derived cells, umbilical cord blood cells, mesenchymal cells (bone marrow-derived cells) and endothelial progenitor cells (these form the interior lining of blood vessels). Studies have found that stem cell treatments can help mend the growth of healthy new skin tissue, improve collagen production, and stimulate hair growth after loss or incisions and also help replace scar tissue with newly molded healthy tissue. One of the ways stem cells help simplify wound healing is by increasing collagen concentrations in the skin, which shrivels as it matures and thereby fortifies and tautens the damaged area.