Tissue damage that results from overexposure to heat as well as radiation or chemical or high voltage electricity contact can be classified as a burn. Burns can vary from minor issues or life-threatening emergencies. Unfortunately, there is not a single treatment plan that works for all kinds of burn injuries; rather, the treatment depends upon the location and severity of the damage done. While normal sunburns or small scalds can be treated at home, widespread burns require immediate medical attention. In case the burns suffered are severe, they might require months-long treatment at specialized burn centers.
Depending upon the severity of the burns, they can be distinguished into three broad categories. In the case of burns, symptoms can worsen even after a day or two and hence require constant help and supervision.
- Ist degree Burn
A minor burn which causes the scarring of only the outer layer of the skin called the epidermis. In such causes redness and pain. In such a condition, remedies such as the application of ointments or cold compress can help in healing the scar and provide relief of the inflammation.
- 2nd degree Burn
This kind of burn generally causes detrimental effects to both the epidermis as well as the second layer of the skin. It may cause swelling and red and white spots of splotchy patches. Blisters can develop in the aftermath of the exposure to heat and can cause severe pain. These kinds of burns can also leave behind scarring as well as inflammation.
- 3rd-degree burns
The third stage consists of severe burns that actually reach the fat beneath the upper layer of the skin. The areas affected can develop a black, brown or white hue over time. The skin can look leathery as well. Third-degree burns cause nerve damage leading to numbness and incapability to fall to a certain extent.
Complications it can lead to
Deep or widespread burns can lead to several other complications, such as
- Bacterial infections which can further change into bloodstream infections such as sepsis.
- Fluid loss leads to low blood volume as well.
- Hypothermia- a dangerously low body temperature.
- Scars are due to the scarring or healing process caused by the growth of the new tissue.
- Restriction in the movement generally occurs when the scar tissue causes the shortening and tightening of skin, muscles or tendons.
Stem Cell Therapy for Skin Burns.
According to recent research use of stem cells for the rehabilitation of wounds has proven to be superior to current strategies available for burn treatment. Studies done till now have demonstrated its potential for macro and microscopic improvements in burn wounds and systematic anti-inflammatory effects. In a recent study, it was found that Stem Cells and their secretome can influence the wound environment and enhance the healing process. But several hurdles have also come across in the treatment procedure these, namely, involve heterogeneity in the isolation techniques, characterization of the phenotype and Stem Cell Sources, contributing to the challenges in translating the research to real medical use. Another challenge with the whole research has been that the teratment has proven to be beneficial in animal models of small creatures while shifting to bigger animal models; transplantation is still a challenge. The development of new treatment approaches utilizing stem cells or its products would require issues such as availability, biocompatibility, immune rejection and vascularization as well. For similar treatments in the cases of Burn, Stem Cell Care India can help you by providing the best possible healthcare solutions. Stem cell therapy has showcased the potential to increase the pace of recovery in burn scars as well as help in the rehabilitation of scar tissues and rejuvenation. Contact them today for burn injuries From India or abroad.