Age-related Macular Degeneration can blur your central vision, mainly due to ageing. With age, certain people suffer from damage and degeneration of the Macula, a part of the eye that controls sharp, straight-ahead vision. Loss of central vision leads to issues while reading, driving or doing up-close work like cooking for work that requires due diligence.
One of the biggest challenges which Age-Related Macular degeneration presents is its early detection. It’s possible that patients suffering from the condition might not notice any changes for a long time. Regular eye exams after a certain age remain to be the best viable option for it early recognition.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration has two prominent types
- Dry AMD
Also known as Atrophic AMD, a condition in which the Macula gets thinner with age. The condition has three stages early, intermediate and late. Usually, it progresses slowly over several years.
- Wet AMD
The condition is also known as advanced neo-vascular AMD, a less common type of AMD which progresses faster and causes vision loss much more quickly. Wet AMD could also be seen as the last stage of AMD. The condition occurs when abnormal vessels grow at the back of the eye and damage the Macula. Wet AMD has varied treatment options.
Symptoms of Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Early dry AMD does not cause any pertinently visible changes or symptoms. However, even till the intermediate stage, some patients do not witness any signs, while some undergo changes such as mild blurriness in their central vision or trouble seeing in low lighting.
In late AMD wet or dry, people notice that straight lines start to look wavy or crooked. A blurry area might appear around the center of your vision. In some instances, the blurry site grows over time, and you can see black spots. Colors also seem less bright to people going through such changes with vision impairment in low light.
Who are at risk?
You are most likely to suffer from AMD if you are
- Eat an unhealthy diet mainly consisting of saturated fats, meat, butter and cheese.
- Are morbidly obese
- Smoke cigarette
- Over 50 years old or more
- Have hypertension
- Genetic history of AMD
Stem Cell Treatment
AMD cells lead to several pathological mechanisms, including biochemical and inflammatory abnormalities, deposition of abnormal extracellular substances, degradation of cellular basement membrane materials, neovascular changes associated with haemorrhage and exudation and degeneration of at least two retinal cell types-RPE cells and photoreceptor cells. The latter in this causes direct visual decline. Stem Cell Therapy is aimed towards retarding or reversing some or all of these pathological cellular changes by transplanting stem cells derived products into the Macula, paracentral retina or vitreous cavity in order to preserve or restore vision in AMD patients. In cases of exudative AMD, acute RPE loss can occur in the setting of fovea-involving RPE rips. The therapeutic goals in such a situation would be to restore a monolayer of healthy RPE cells into the ripped site to prevent ameliorating photoreceptor degeneration. For Stem cell treatment in India, contact Stem Cell care India, and their expert doctors would help ensure that all your tribulations are taken care of without any hassles. With their stem cell procedures and supportive and alternative therapies, they can make sure that all your ailments are taken care of.