Nearly 47,000 people die each year as a result of kidney disease, which affects over 660,000 Americans. Although kidney failure may be caused by a variety of different factors, the current therapy is rather consistent. During the extended wait for a transplant, many patients need weekly dialysis at a cost of around $80,000 per year. Some promising results have emerged from stem cell research in the treatment of renal failure.
Waste and excess fluid are removed from the body by healthy kidneys. However, the kidneys may be damaged by a variety of illnesses, causing an overabundance of fluids, waste, and electrolytes. In the body, this may lead to a broad variety of negative effects. It is inevitable that the damage induced by kidney disease would ultimately overpower the organs’ limited self-regenerative capacity. As a consequence, the patient is forced to rely on dialysis and, in extreme cases, organ transplantation in order to survive. The causes of kidney disease are many, but diabetes is responsible for about half of all occurrences of renal failure.
When it comes to kidney illness, how might stem cells help?
Stem cell treatment has a strong anti-inflammatory effect, allowing the body to recover itself by lowering levels of chronic inflammation. Inflammation is widespread throughout the body when it comes to kidney disease. It is possible to restart the body’s natural healing process by decreasing inflammatory indicators.
Kidney failure may be treated by stem cell treatment.
Organ regeneration may be aided by supplementing kidney cells, which is an area of current research focus for scientists. Some mesenchymal stem cells from the Harvard Stem Cell Institute have recently been discovered as playing an important role in kidney repair. Transplanting these stem cells into the body may help regenerate damaged kidney tissue and decrease inflammation in general. The requirement of immunosuppressant medicines for the rest of a patient’s life may be eliminated with the use of stem cells in combination with organ transplantation.
How can stem cells treat renal disease?
The kidneys are complex organs that perform critical filtration processes in the body, making Kidney Disease difficult to research and repair. Scientists have yet to identify the precise cells that are responsible for repairing kidneys, therefore only generic systemic stem cell treatment is now accessible.
A significant decrease in inflammatory markers and a little improvement in kidney function would be realistic outcomes of a stem cell therapy. This is unlikely to be enough to get a patient off of dialysis after only one treatment, but the idea is to cut down on how often they need dialysis.