Is Somebody Suffering From Traumatic Brain Injury? Stem Cell Might Help Them!
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can cause a multiplicity of complications, health effects that are not TBI themselves but that consequence from it. The jeopardy of complications upsurges with the severity of the trauma; however even mild traumatic brain injury can lead to incapacities that interfere with social interactions, employment and routine living. As per the Brain Injury Association of America (BIAA), 1.7 million individuals suffer a traumatic brain injury each year in the U.S. Those who struggle with TBIs are more likely to labor under depression, nervousness, illnesses like Alzheimer’s and dementia, muscle coordination issues and other infirmities that might entail rehabilitation.
The symptoms of traumatic brain injury
The symptoms can differ from mild to moderate and even, contingent on the degree of mutilation done to the brains. An individual suffering from milder symptoms might experience unconsciousness for a couple of seconds or minutes or might remain cataleptic for a period of time.
The problems of traumatic brain injury
Problems of Traumatic Brain Injury are secondary conditions, symptoms, or other illnesses that are instigated by TBI. In many circumstances, the difference between symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injury and complications of Traumatic Brain Injury is vague or random. Some of the most common issues allied with traumatic brain injuries include the following:
- Forfeiture of motor skills
- Long or short term memory loss
- Paraplegia or quadriplegia
- Difficulty with senses (i.e. taste, touch, and smell)
- Speech or understanding concerns
The treatment of traumatic brain injury
Can stem cells repair traumatic brain injury? Yes! Stem cell treatment has marvelous benefits for traumatic brain injury sequelae, but maximum patients learn little about it. Presently, for TBI patients, there are three treatment approaches of stem cell treatment i.e. brain stereotaxis surgery, lumbar puncture subarachnoid space injection and intravenous infusion. The particular treatment depends on the patients’ conditions, and we typically contemplate amalgamation of 2 or 3 treatments, which takes benefits of every treatment and shows improved effects. Countless individuals with TBI have received the second, third even the fourth course of stem cell treatment, and every course shows a specific set of improvements.
Can stem cells repair traumatic brain injury?
There is lots of buzz about stem cells, but what are they and can they actually aid in reinstating health? In our bodies, adult stem cells are found in numerous regions such as muscles, skin, bone marrow and the brain. What makes them so valued is that unlike any other cell variety in the body, they can remain homogeneous for a lengthy time making more stem cells just like themselves. When the necessity ascends to overhaul or generate tissues, they become skillful of evolving into cells with specialized functions such as blood or nerve cells. In high traffic zones like the gut or skin, stem cells are constantly at work while in other locations such as the brain, other cellular elements are involved in triggering the regenerative response. The secretive ways in which stem cells function are not yet totally understood, but this has procreated a thrilling field of active scientific investigation. Regenerative medicine research has already established, however, that there is pronounced potential in the usage of stem cells as therapeutic associates in restorative treatments.
Each year, an estimated 2.5 million individuals in the United States sustain a traumatic brain injury, and TBI-related reasons contribute to a third (30.5%) of all injury-related demises in the United States. There are several diverse categories of traumatic brain injury including:
- Concussions: The most common kind of TBI, well-defined as a head injury with fleeting disturbance in brain function (e.g. loss of consciousness, changed mental status).
- Penetration injury: From bullets, shrapnel, and other stuffs entering the skull.
- Contusions: Bleeding that arises from blows to the head.
- Diffuse axonal injury: Brain injury from traumatic shearing forces happening with speedy acceleration or deceleration (e.g. motor vehicle mishap, shaken baby syndrome).
During traumatic brain injury, the impairment to brain tissues or interruption of blood supply to critical regions of the brain results in brain cell death. When the neurons die, they cannot redevelop or be replaced and the zones of the body they control become incapacitated. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a worldwide public health concern, with limited treatment alternatives obtainable. Notwithstanding improving survival rate after TBI, treatment is deficient for brain functional retrieval and structural reparation in clinic. Recent studies have recommended that the mature brain harbors neural stem cells which have regenerative capability following brain insults. Much growth has been made in pre clinical TBI model studies in understanding the behaviors, functions and regulatory contrivances of neural stem cells in the injured brain. Diverse approaches targeting this cell population have been evaluated in TBI models. In competition, cell transplantation approach using a catholic array of stem cells has been reconnoitered for TBI treatment in pre-clinical studies and some in clinical trials.