Diabetic Neuropathy and Diet: Foods to Avoid and to Embrace
Diabetic neuropathy could be a complication of diabetes that influences the nerves, ordinarily within the feet and legs, but can too include other parts of the body. It comes about from drawn-out high blood sugar levels, leading to nerve harm and impaired function. Side effects may incorporate torment, shivering, weakness, and shortcoming.
Legitimate diabetes management and way-of-life changes are crucial for anticipating and overseeing this condition. Standard checking and convenient restorative medication from the best stem cell therapy hospital can offer assistance to minimise its effect on the patient’s quality of life.
What Are the Symptoms of Diabetic Neuropathy?
Symptoms of diabetic neuropathy vary according to the type and extent of nerve damage, but generally fall into four main categories:
- Sensory symptoms
One of the early signs of diabetic neuropathy is sensory changes. Patients may experience tingling, burning, or tingling sensations in the extremities. Some people may experience decreased sensitivity to touch, pain, and temperature changes. This loss of sensation means that injuries go unnoticed and can increase the risk of infections and ulcers.
- Motor symptoms
As the disease progresses, diabetic neuropathy can affect motor neurons, leading to muscle weakness. People may have difficulty moving their limbs and may notice poor coordination and balance. This can cause problems with walking and daily activities.
- Autonomic symptoms
The autonomic nervous system controls involuntary functions such as heart rate, blood pressure, digestion, and bladder control. Diabetic neuropathy can damage these nerves and cause symptoms such as lightheadedness, irregular heartbeat, gastrointestinal problems (nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, constipation), and trouble urinating.
Some people with diabetic neuropathy experience chronic, severe pain described as tingling, stabbing, or electric shocks. This pain can be severe and debilitating and has a significant impact on a person’s quality of life.
It is important to note that diabetic neuropathy can be insidious and progressive, and some people have mild or no symptoms in the early stages. Therefore, regular examinations and good diabetes management from stem cell therapy hospital India are very important to detect and prevent the onset of diabetic neuropathy or halt its progression. If people with diabetes experience any of these symptoms, they should seek immediate medical attention to ensure proper treatment and prevent further complications.
Foods to be follow
Proper nutrition plays an important role in managing this condition and preventing its progression. Eating a balanced diet can help control blood sugar levels, reduce inflammation, and support nerve health. Here are some well-studied dietary recommendations for people with diabetic neuropathy:
- Emphasise low glycemic index foods: To regulate your blood sugar, choose foods with a low glycemic index. Low glycemic index foods include whole grains (oats, quinoa, barley), non-starchy vegetables (broccoli, spinach, peppers), and legumes (lentils, chickpeas).
- Healthy Fats: Choose monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats found in olive oil, avocados, nuts and seeds. These fats have anti-inflammatory properties and may promote nerve health.
- Omega-3 fatty acids: Include fatty fish such as salmon, mackerel, and sardines in your diet. Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to reduce inflammation and have neuroprotective effects.
- Foods Rich in Antioxidants: Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables, especially those rich in antioxidants such as vitamins C and E. Berries, citrus fruits, kiwis and leafy greens are best.
- Magnesium: People with diabetic neuropathy may benefit from magnesium-rich foods such as spinach, almonds, black beans, and whole grains. Magnesium is involved in nerve function and may help reduce symptoms.
- Vitamin B12: Adequate intake of vitamin B12 is essential for nerve health. Include sources of vitamin B12 in your diet, such as lean meats, fish, dairy products, and fortified grains.
- Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of water to ensure proper hydration, which is essential for nerve function. It’s important to work with your registered dietitian or healthcare provider to create an individualised meal plan that meets your specific nutritional needs and health goals.
Eating a balanced, healthy diet and lifestyle can help people with diabetic neuropathy better manage their symptoms and improve their overall quality of life. You can take assistance from the stem cell therapy centre in India for a proper diet chart.
Food to be avoid
Proper nutrition is important for managing diabetic neuropathy and maintaining overall health. There are certain foods that people with diabetic neuropathy should avoid to prevent symptoms from getting worse and to improve blood sugar control. Foods to limit or avoid are:
- Sweet foods:
Diabetic neuropathy is closely associated with high blood sugar levels. Cutting out sugary foods such as candies, pastries, sodas, and sugary cereals can help control blood sugar levels and prevent further nerve damage.
- Refined carbohydrates:
Refined flour foods such as white bread, white rice, and pasta can cause blood sugar levels to spike. Choose whole grains instead. Whole grains are rich in fibre and help regulate blood sugar levels.
- Trans fat:
Foods containing trans fats, such as fried foods and processed snacks, should be avoided. Trans fats can cause inflammation and negatively affect nerve health.
- Saturated fat:
Although not directly related to diabetic neuropathy, saturated fat can cause cardiovascular problems. Diabetics are already at higher risk for heart disease, so limiting saturated fat is good for your overall health.
- Foods high in sodium:
Excessive salt intake can lead to high blood pressure, which can further damage blood vessels and nerves. Salt reduction is essential in the management of diabetic neuropathy.
Alcohol can cause fluctuations in blood sugar levels and can interact with diabetes medications. Nerve damage may also develop over time.
- Sweetened drinks:
Avoid sugary drinks such as fruit juices, sweetened teas, and energy drinks as they can spike your blood sugar.
- Artificial Sweeteners:
Some research suggests that certain artificial sweeteners may not be completely safe for diabetics. Until further research reveals its effects, it is best to limit intake.
Managing diabetic neuropathy through diet is important for maintaining optimal health and reducing symptoms. Avoiding sugary and processed foods helps stabilise blood sugar levels, and eating a balanced diet high in fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and healthy fats can help with neurological health and overall well-being. Consult Stem Cell Care India the best stem cell center in India for individual advice.