Stem cells are a class of undifferentiated cells that are able to segregate into specialized cell types. Generally, stem cells come from three chief sources:
- Embryonic stem cells
- Adult tissue (adult stem cells)
- Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC)
Adult or somatic stem cell sexist throughout the body after embryonic development and are found inside of diverse categories of tissue. These stem cells have been found in tissues such as the brain, bone marrow, blood, blood vessels, skeletal muscles, skin and also the liver. They persist in an inactive or non-dividing state for years until stimulated by disease or tissue injury.Adult stem cells have unique aptitude to transform into any specialized cell when tutored. This property makes stem cells sufficiently powerful to restore impaired tissue under the right conditions.
There are several uses of stem cells:
- Organ and tissue regeneration: stem cells could potentially be used to grow a specific kind of tissue or organ if directed to differentiate in a certain way.
- Cardiovascular treatment: Adult stem cells can be used to overhaul and regenerate impaired heart tissue and muscles.
- Neurological disease treatment:Moreover, adult cells might be used to treat disease such as Autism, Cerebral Palsy, ALS, Stroke, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s by replenishing impaired tissue.
- Diabetes therapy: Individuals with type I diabetes might get pancreatic cells to replace the insulin-producing cells that have been lost or demolished by the patient’s own immune system. The only present therapy is a pancreatic transplant, and it is unlikely to befall because of a small supply of pancreases available for transplant.
Anti-ageing treatments: Though stem cells have uses in medical science, they also aid in invigorating one from inside. Stem cell is taken from Adipose tissue (fat). They are then processed and inoculated back into the desired location. The stem cells then work internally to help an individual look more dazzling and younger.