• Adult stem cells: Non-embryonic, non-differentiated stem cells. These stem cells can be found, amid others tissues, in bone marrow, fat tissue, umbilical cord blood, etc. (Also recognized as per differentiation ability: multipotent, totipotent and pluripotent). All the non-embryonic stem cells are considered adult stem cells.
  • Allogeneic: Refers to the procedure where the donor is a different individual from the receiver, reason why it is essential to look after tissue compatibility so as to avoid Graft-Versus-Host-Disease.
  • Bone marrow stem cells: Adult stem cells gotten from bone marrow.
  • Autologous: Refers to the process where the donor and receiver is the same individual, reason why the compatibility is a match.
  • Cell therapy: Refers to treatments centered on regenerative medicine to overhaul impaired or demolished tissue.
  • Cord blood stem cell: Adult Stem Cell gotten from umbilical cord blood collected at time of birth. These UCB stem cells are on the move from the liver (where blood production takes place during the fetal life) to bone marrow (where blood production takes place after birth). It is generally used for treatments of leukemia and other blood ailments in children, maximum cases have been on siblings.
  • Embryonic stem cell: Stem Cell gotten from a fertilized egg (blastocyst) after a couple of days of fertilization and before cell differentiation. Embryonic Stem cells are Totipotent, which means they can segregate into any type of tissue cell of the fetus.
  • Differentiation: Procedure by which a stem cell attains characteristics of a specialized cell line and becomes particular tissue cell.
  • Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP): GMP are quality standards. It guarantees products and processes are following and conforming highest standards of quality and stipulations of that product or process.
  • Hematopoietic stem cells: Stem cells committed to blood cells (red cells, white cells, platelets).
  • HLA (Human Leukocyte antigen): Human histocompatibility test, where immunological system markers of an individual are determined. By this system, our body distinguishes own cells from foreign cells/tissue. HLA tests are meant to find tissue compatibility between folks. When 6 markers are a match between two individuals, is said they have flawless compatibility. For transplants/treatments perfect match is necessary, but there are exclusions where 5/6 and up to 4/6 compatibility could be considered as satisfactory contingent on the patient, the disease and the source of stem cells being used.
  • Multipotent stem cell: Stem cells that could segregate into more than one type of cellular lines.
  • Plasticity: Ability/elasticity of a stem cell to segregate into other kinds of cell lines.
  • Pluripotent stem cell: Are stem cells that could segregate into virtually any category of cellular lines.
  • Potentiality: Is the capability to separate into specific tissue cells. They are categorized into Unipotent, Multipotent and Totipotent cells. This depends on the number of cell lines that they can segregate into.
  • Mesenchymal stem cell (Also acknowledged as stromal): Group of bone marrow stem cells not committed to blood cell production. Mesenchymal stem cells are adept to bourge on and different themselves in diverse kinds of cells.
  • Protocol: A set of actions, approaches and the observance of certain conventional rules, which are premeditated and structured for a process. They are intended to systematize behavior in a particular situation.
  • Progenitor stem cells (or Unipotent stem cell): Are stem cells that could separate into a single kind of cellular line. At the end of a lengthy chain of cell division are “fully differentiated” cells, such as a liver cell or lung cell, which are perpetually committed to particular functions of that tissue. It results in the retrieval of the tissue and they act as a repair system for the body. And they persevere with the same organism throughout the life of it.
  • Regenerative medicine: Treatment where stem cells are persuaded to segregate into particular cells type required to repair impaired or devastated tissue.
  • Research protocol: A collection of information that defines the objectives, design, methodology and considerations taken into account in the implementation and organization of scientific research. It includes the investigation and interpretation of outcomes. It also offers the background and reasons as to why such research is being carried out and outlines the parameters under which it will measure its outcomes.
  • Stem cells: Primary cells that are able to burgeon themselves (indefinitely) and to segregate into cells of particular types.
  • Self-renewable: It refers to the aptitude to duplicate via numerous cycles of cellular division maintaining his state unsegregated.
  • Stem Cell CD34: Hematopoietic Stem Cell with particular molecular structure showing a surface marking differentiator (CD refers to Cluster Differentiator and number 34 refers to kind of marker displayed by true stem cells).
  • Totipotent stem cell: Are stem cells that could segregate into all body cell categories and are able to form a feasible complete organism. A specimen would be the cells of a fresh fertilized egg.
  • Unipotent: They are stem cells that could segregate into a single kind of cellular line.

Tissue engineering: Refers to construction of new tissue centered on stem cells. Tissues such as skin or cartilage could be produced outside the body and be relocated later to the patient.