The nerve cells are the message carriers between the brain and the rest of the body, allowing us to hear, see, balance, move and feel. MS is a disease that affects the nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. The body’s own immune system attacks the nerve cells so that they cannot function properly.
Each nerve cell is covered in a protective sheath called Myelin, which gets damaged in MS. More than half of the patients suffering from MS have progressive disease characterised by accumulating disability. More than 2 million people worldwide are affected by MS and is the most common non-traumatic disability occurring in young individuals.
There are different types of multiple sclerosis. They are
Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis – Around 85% of people have this type of multiple sclerosis and develop the first signs of the disease in their early 20s. Attack of symptoms occurs from time to time.
Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis – In this type, the disease gradually gets worse over time. There is little or no recovery and there are no well-defined attacks of symptoms. About 10% of people have this type of MS
Secondary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis – Most people get secondary progressive MS after living with relapsing-remitting MS for many years. Symptoms in this type of MS begin a steady march without relapses or remissions.
Progressive Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis – It is the least common form of MS. Attacks and relapses happen very frequently but symptoms continue to get worse between relapses. About 5% of people suffer from this type.
At StemCellCareIndia, we offer promising multiple sclerosis treatment in India.
Patients with MS may suffer from the following symptoms include
Problems with sensation, speech, swallowing, breathing and walking
Bladder and bowel issues
Tremor, Seizures, Itching
The symptoms may vary depending on which nerve cells are damaged. The symptoms may appear suddenly, and then disappear entirely as the body repairs the damaged myelin. However, when the nerve cells are damaged and begin to degenerate, they stop working all together. In the progressive stage, more nerve cells are affected, causing increasing disability.
Factors causing multiple sclerosis may include:
Geography – People in colder parts more often affected by MS than people in warmer parts.
Smoking – Tobacco increases the risk of MS
Genetics – Genes also play a role. In identical twins, if one twin has MS, the other has about 20% to 40% chances of getting MS.
Vaccines – Vaccines are not cause of MS according to research.
Epstein-Barr virus exposure – People with MS have antibodies to the EBV in their bodies. That means that they have been exposed to the virus. People ill with EBV have more risk of developing MS.
The diagnosis of MS can be a challenge for doctors as there is no test to verify its existence. But, a neurologist specialising in MS would be able to identify it. The diagnosis will include going through the patient’s medical history and symptoms. Some tests of brain and spinal cord will be done.
- MRI tests to take a closer look at the brain.
- Lumbar punctures to check the fluid that runs through the spinal canal
- Blood tests
- Electrical tests, called evoked potentials helps determine if MS has affected the nerve pathways.
Latest researches have revealed that MSCs can help restore Myelin of nervous system, improving symptoms and prolonging lives. Steroids and other disease modifying drugs cannot cover all the symptoms and are aimed to manage only specific symptoms. Again, the concern of critical side effects of drugs is also there. With MSC treatment, there is no such concern.
In StemCellCareIndia, we use the unique technology of Mesenchymal stem cells extracted from Wharton’s jelly (WJ) for treating MS. WJ-MSCs offer cost-effective and pain-free collection method that may be cryogenically stored, and are extremely favourable for tissue engineering purpose. They might help in the three prominent ways – prevent damage, repair damage and develop new medicines. The treatment will take place in multiple steps comprising of
- Qualification for the treatment: Our experts will investigate your past medical history and symptoms to assess the severity of your condition. A series of tests will be performed to understand the stage of disease. As per the test results, our experts will counsel the patient for further process of the procedure.
- Source Extraction: With guidance and approval from the physician, the source of extraction will be decided. In general, WJ-MSCs are the most potent allogenic sources available. Stem cells from a healthy person (the donor) are transferred to the patient’s body. A bone marrow donor is considered for allogenic stem cell transplantation. A scraping from the inside of the patient and his or her sibling’s cheek is tested to determine tissue type. An expert will examine to identity Human Leukocyte Antigens (HLAs). If the HLA on the donor cells are identical or similar, the transplant is more likely to be successful.
- Laboratory Processing: The extracted samples will be sent to government approved cGMP laboratory for processing. The sample manipulation will take place in a state-of-art facility in compliance with the ISO and GMP standards and using the latest technologies. The client will receive a third party certificate from internationally accredited lab for quality purpose.
- Stem Cell Implantation: Once the stem cells are ready to be implanted, the doctor will identify the most potent method of infusion based on the patient’s physical and mental well being.
Treatment Aftercare: The patients will be asked to visit the doctors for reclamation therapies such as physiotherapy, counselling, etc for speedy recovery.
- Why is MS therefore tough to diagnose?
The identification of MS terribly Why is MS therefore tough to diagnose?
The identification of MS terribly difficult at associate degree early stage as a result of symptoms is also very non specific and indicative of alternative diseases of the central nervous system. The first symptoms area unit terribly temporary inflicting no important injury and thus area unit most of the days unheeded simply by the folks. To boot, as such, no specific science lab check is being employed, except MRI; which may be considerably useful in identification. The entire identification is often proportional to the knowledgeable supported the standards.
2. Is MS contagious or inherited?
No, MS isn’t contagious neither it’s directly hereditary. Studies have indicated a mixed result of each genes and environmental factors on development of MS. Analysis has plain prompt that prone people could have a familial genetic contribution for MS, however, these people have to be compelled to encounter some triggering issue from the atmosphere to truly develop MS. The analysis remains afoot to pinpoint the precise location of anorexigenic sequence, its environmental cause, hindrance and higher treatment.
3. Is MS fatal?
In general MS isn’t thought of a fatal illness, however the standard of life is considerably affected in patients suffering with MS. in and of itself there’s no known full proof treatment out there to scale back the sufferings. However, several therapeutic and technological advances area unit created within the field of stem cells to search out a cure for the illness.
4. Can stem cell treatment, reverse my damage?
Yes, stem cells area unit the pristine cells of the body, which may make to several differing types of cells upon correct signaling. These cells are exploited with success to differentiate into neurons. They need been isolated from the terribly own potent sources of our body referred to as Bone Marrow and fat Tissues. They will be minimally manipulated and constituted into the body to market neuro regeneration. They need additionally known to be a good guiding system to tell apart self tissue from the non self, thereby reducing additional destruction. at associate degree early stage as a result of symptoms is also very non specific and indicative of alternative diseases of the central nervous system. The first symptoms area unit terribly temporary inflicting no important injury and thus area unit most of the days unheeded simply by the folks. To boot, as such, no specific science lab check is being employed, except MRI; which may be considerably useful in identification. The entire identification is often proportional to the knowledgeable supported the standards.
5. Is MS contagious or inherited?
No, MS isn’t contagious neither it’s directly hereditary. Studies have indicated a mixed result of each genes and environmental factors on development of MS. Analysis has plain prompt that prone people could have a familial genetic contribution for MS; however, these people have to be compelled to encounter some triggering issue from the atmosphere to truly develop MS. The analysis remains afoot to pinpoint the precise location of anorexigenic sequence, its environmental cause, hindrance and higher treatment.
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